Ndjamena


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Ndjamena

(ənjä`mānä), formerly

Fort-Lamy

(fôr-lämē`), city (1993 urban pop. 213,342), capital of Chad and of Chari-Baguirmi prefecture, SW Chad. It is a port on the Chari River and a transportation hub that lies on roads leading to Nigeria, Sudan, and the Central African Republic. Ndjamena is primarily an administrative center. It is also a major regional market for livestock, salt, dates, and grains. Meat processing is the chief industry. The city was founded as Fort-Lamy by the French in 1900. During a period of civil war in the 1960s the town was occupied by Libyan forces. Its name was changed to Ndjamena in 1973. In 2006 and 2008 the city was the scene of several days of fighting between goverment and rebel forces. The city has schools of administration and veterinary medicine and an international airport.

Ndjamena

 

(before 1973, Fort Lamy), the capital of the Republic of Chad, located on the right bank of the Chari River near its confluence with the Logone River.

Ndjamena has an equatorial monsoonal climate. Average January temperature is 23.9°C, and in July, 27.7°C. Annual precipitation totals 648 mm. The population is 178,000 (1973). The city was founded at the end of the 19th century by the French and given the name of Fort Lamy. Made the capital of all French territory in Central Africa, it became a major base of operations against the Sanusi and the Wadai state. Prior to 1958, Ndjamena was the capital of the French colony of Chad; from 1958 to 1960 it was the capital of the autonomous Republic of Chad, and since 1960 it has been the capital of the independent Republic of Chad.

Ndjamena is the port of departure for shipping along the Chari and Logone rivers. On major highways and with an international airport, the city is an important trade and transportation center, dealing for the most part in the export of cotton and livestock products. A meat-packing plant operates there; other local products include butter, vegetable oil, shoes, and building materials. Ndjamena is the site of a university (founded in 1971), a national school of administration, an institute of zoology and veterinary science, a national institute of the humanities, an institute of tropical livestock raising and veterinary science, an institute of cotton-growing, and a national museum.

Ndjamena

, N'djamena
the capital of Chad, in the southwest, at the confluence of the Shari and Logone Rivers: trading centre for livestock. Pop.: 866 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
We are in a new phase of the history of our two countries, in the interests of our two peoples," Bashir said shortly after arriving in Ndjamena on Wednesday.
The two countries broke off diplomatic relations for several months in 2008 after a surprise rebel attack on Ndjamena which came close to overthrowing Deby before government forces rallied to rout the insurgents.
Chad has accused Sudan of supporting rebels seeking to oust the government, while Khartoum has charged Ndjamena with backing ethnic minority rebels in the western Sudanese region of Darfur.
While a curfew is still in effect in Ndjamena, and six southern and eastern provinces, a semblance of normality was beginning to return to the capital.
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Addressing the Africa-China relations forum in Khartoum, Hasabo Abdel Rahman said the presidency received on Monday a letter from the president Deby proposing to invite Abdel Wahid Al-Nur, Gibril Ibrahim and Minni Minnawi to meet him in Ndjamena to discuss ways to join the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur (DDPD).
Ndjamena / Ndjamena - Ndjamena / Abeche - Ndjamena / Libreville - Ndjamena / Bangui
La deterioration de la situation centrafricaine inquiete la CEEAC (Communaute economique de l'Afrique centrale) dont les dirigeants seront, aujourd'hui, en conclave a Ndjamena (Tchad), a l'exception notable du congolais Denis Sassou Nguesso.
Summary: N'djamena (Chad) - Morocco's Minister of State M'hand Laenser, who represented HM King Mohammed VI in the festivities marking the 50th anniversary of Chad's Independence Day, was received, on Wednesday in Ndjamena, by the secretary general of Chadian Presidency Mohamed Saleh Annadif, to whom he handed over a message from the Sovereign to President Idriss Deby.
Sadok Fayala led a multi-disciplinary and multi- sectoral economic delegation on a visit to Chad, during which he had a set of meetings with Chadian senior officials, including the Trade and Industry Minister, the Public Health Minister, the Territory Development, Town Planning and Housing Minister, the Infrastructure and Transport Minister, the Tourist Development and Handicrafts Minister, the Chairman of the Chamber of Commerce of Ndjamena and several senior State executives.
The president is due to visit Ndjamena on Wednesday and Thursday for a conference of the Community of Sahel-Saharan States," the official told AFP on condition of anonymity, confirming press reports.
Jem, Darfur's largest opposition group, signed a "framework agreement" with the government on Saturday in Ndjamena, Chad's capital, setting out the terms for future peace talks.