Ne Win


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Ne Win

U . 1911--2002, Burmese statesman and general; prime minister (1958--60), head of the military government (1962--74), and president (1974--81)

Ne Win

 

(U Ne Win, Muang Shu Maung). Born May 24, 1911, in Paungde, Prome District. Burmese statesman and political figure.

The son of a provincial official, Ne Win attended the University of Rangoon and from 1932 worked in the postal and telegraphic service. He became a member of the patriotic organization Dobama Asi-ayon during World War II (1939–45) and along with Aung San was among the “Thirty Comrades” who became the nucleus of the Burma National Army. During the Japanese occupation of Burma (1942–45), Ne Win held several commands in the Burma Independence Army and was chief of staff of the Burma Defense Army.

Joining the Supreme Council of the Antifascist People’s Freedom League in 1944, Ne Win commanded Burmese troops in the delta region of the Irrawaddy River in 1945. In 1947 he was elected to the Constituent Assembly that proclaimed the independence of Burma on Jan. 4, 1948. Appointed commander of the Northern Military District in 1948, Ne Win served as deputy chief of the General Staff from August 1948, chief of the General Staff and commander in chief of the armed forces from 1950 to 1972, deputy prime minister from 1949 to 1950, and prime minister from 1958 to 1960.

On Mar. 2, 1962, the Burmese Army, commanded by Ne Win, assumed power in the country and set up the Revolutionary Council, which functioned under Ne Win’s leadership until March 1974. From 1962 to 1974, Ne Win was also chairman of the Revolutionary Government (from 1971, the Council of Ministers). He served as minister of defense from 1958 to 1972 and in 1962 became chairman of both the Central Organizational and Disciplinary committees of the Burma Socialist Program Party (BSPP), founded in 1962. In 1971 the first BSPP congress elected Ne Win chairman of the Executive Committee of the BSPP Central Committee. Under Ne Win’s leadership, the Revolutionary Council and the government carried out several important antifeudal and anti-imperialist social and economic reforms. When the new constitution was adopted in 1974, Ne Win became chairman of the Council of State of the People’s Assembly and president of the Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma. He visited the USSR in 1961 and 1965.

References in periodicals archive ?
Contact Us: Dhananjay Potle 5933 NE Win Sivers Drive, #205, Portland, OR 97220 United States Direct :+ 1-503-894-6022 Toll Free :+ 1-800-910-6452 Email: help@bigmarketresearch.
It is a deep shame on the conscience of nations all over South-East Asia that Rohingya refugees are being deliberately left to die in their boats as they try to seek a new life escaping the persecution of the government in Myanmar, where they are denied citizenship under a law written by the then-military dictator General Ne Win in 1982.
A recent switch from 400m to hurdles is proving to have been a canny decision for him with a ne win in 15.
Ne Win did so in 1966 to meet with then President Lyndon Johnson.
Ne Win, the late dictator of the south-east Asian nation, imposed a state monopoly on the press in the 1960s.
Jaime Winstone Winst ne Win ton Bright colours, loud print and sequins - this hurts our eyes.
Late dictator Ne Win switched from left-hand drive after he seized power in 1962.
Reviled chairman Ne Win stepped down after several months of demonstrations, but the army kept its grip on the country and a huge August rally was crushed in a bloody crackdown that left at least 3,000 people dead.
The fruits of the dictatorship of General Ne Win, who seized power in a military coup in 1962 and held it till 1988, were penury and repression.
A look at the statistics for the Flat season so far (prior to last night's action at Sligo) does not make pleasant viewing - o ne win from 55 turf runs is a percentage that does little for morale.
Considered "outsiders" by many Burmese despite the fact they have lived in the country for centuries, in 1982 they were stripped of their citizenship rights by the then military ruler Ne Win.
However, General Ne Win (Htun Lin) underestimates Kyi's unwavering resolve.