Neanderthal

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Neanderthal,

Germany: see NeandertalNeandertal
or Neanderthal
, small valley, W Germany, E of Düsseldorf. In 1856 remains of Neanderthal man were discovered there.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Fuyan teeth are shaped more like those of living human populations than like teeth of Neandertals or Asian H.
Anthropologists who could travel back in time to a neandertal settlement of fifty thousand years ago would almost certainly meet a more hospitable reception and face less danger than they would in any large American city's slums.
They result to date back to 42,000-40,000 years ago, a period when interesting prehistoric cultures spread across Europe before the demise of Neandertals," he explained.
It was noticed that, while the chimpanzees, early homo sapiens, Neandertals and Australopithecus had bones with a high density of spongy bones; modern humans in comparison, have a lower bone density.
Trinkaus, along with Xiu-Jie Wu, Wu Liu and Song Xing of the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Beijing, and Isabelle Crevecoeur of PACEA, Universite de Bordeaux are the first to offer compelling evidence for interbreeding and gene transfer between Neandertals and modern human ancestors.
They start with the absolute basics, fossils and genes, and work forward to imagine how Neandertals lived among each other, if and how they expressed their thoughts and emotions--whatever those thoughts and emotions may have been.
Ancient members of our species, Homo sapiens, would probably have won long-distance races, while Neandertals might have dominated hilly courses and jumping events.
Until now, anthropologists have hypothesized that Neandertals were outlived by early modern humans due in part to the former's primitive, deficient diet, with some scientists arguing Neandertals' diets were specialized for meat-eating.
Controversy has long surrounded the question of whether Neandertals interbred with modern humans, with both the early modern human fossil record and previous molecular studies being interpreted as providing evidence both for and against.
CuraGen Corporation's (Nasdaq: CRGN) majority-owned subsidiary 454 Life Sciences Corporation today announced that comparison of the human and chimpanzee genomes to Neandertal DNA sequences determined by 454 Sequencing(TM) reveals that modern human and Neandertal DNA sequences diverged on average about 500,000 years ago and the effective size of the ancestral population of the two groups was similar to that of modern humans.
Neandertals lived in Europe long before modern humans, Homo sapiens, 40,000 years ago.
There is great interest in the relationship of Neandertals to people," said senior author Svante Paabo of MPI.