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(nēär`kəs), fl. 324 B.C., Macedonian general, b. Crete; friend of Alexander the GreatAlexander the Great
or Alexander III,
356–323 B.C., king of Macedon, conqueror of much of Asia. Youth and Kingship

The son of Philip II of Macedon and Olympias, he had Aristotle as his tutor and was given a classical education.
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. In 325 B.C., Alexander, about to leave India, had a fleet built in the Indus to transport part of the army home. Nearchus was put in command. They sailed up the Persian coast and rejoined (324 B.C.) Alexander at Susa in Persia. Nearchus' own account of this voyage, together with his description of India, is included in ArrianArrian
(Flavius Arrianus) , fl. 2d cent. A.D., Greek historian, philosopher, and general, b. Nicomedia in Bithynia. He was governor of Cappadocia under Emperor Hadrian and in A.D. 134 repulsed an invasion of the Alans.
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's Indica.


See A. Flavius, Indica, tr. by E. I. Robson, Vol II, The Loeb Classical Library (1933, repr. 1958).



(also Nearchos). Year of birth unknown; died circa 312 B.C. A “companion” of Alexander the Great and a participant in the campaign in India; ruler of Lycia and Pamphylia from 334.

In 325 B.C., during the return of Alexander the Great’s forces from India, Nearchus was given command of the fleet and became the first to successfully navigate from India to Mesopotamia. His account of the voyage has not been preserved. It contained information on the flora and fauna and population of India and the Persian Gulf coast. Nearchus’ account was widely used by the ancient authors Arrianus and Strabo.

References in periodicals archive ?
The NEARCHOS national search and rescue plan was put into force.
Charis Savva & Nearchos Evaggelou -- Dila Den Agapo;
Speculation on the identity of the skeleton has been rife among experts, including talk that it was Alexander's mother, Olympias, his Persian widow, Roxana, their son, Alexander's half-brother, or Nearchos, one of Alexander's closest aides and an Amphipolis native.
In the framework of the exercise, the existing National Plans of NEARCHOS and ESTIA will be tested, which concern the reception of civilians from war zones in neighbouring areas, whilst the response to Search and Rescue incidents, within the area of responsibility of the Republic of Cyprus, which coincides with the Nicosia FIR will be examined.
The firm now has only one director: Nearchos Chacholiades, an unshaven bloke in a brown leather jacket who has never previously been a UK company director.
1) El autor quiere dejar expreso agradecimiento al Senor Embajador de Chipre en Madrid Nearchos Polas, a la Senora Yiannopoulous Koratzitou--Cristodoulou, representante de PIO en la misma Embajada, asi como a la Directora de PIO en Nicosia Eleonora Gvrielides y ai senor L.
Some exceptions are the hydria by or near Sophilos once on the Paris market, ABV 42, where there are repeated examples of animals in both fields; on a hydria by Nearchos, Eleusis 766, ABV 86, no.
6) The original account highlights the intensity of the friendship between Polyeuct and Nearchos, with the latter fearing persecution 'non pour la crainte des supplices dont il estoit menace, mais pour l'apprehension qu'il eust que leur amitie ne souffrit quelque separation ou refroisissement' ('Abrege', sig.
Baillie traces the history of Karachi right from the time when Nearchos left Krokala, a port on the Arabian sea, which some have tried to identify with Karachi.
Our excellence in nonlinear technology combined with MSC's market prowess and technology leadership in systems simulation will provide a broad engineering software offering second to none," said Nearchos Irinarchos, chairman for MARC Analysis Research.
Cyprus implemented the national search and rescue plan Nearchos deploying helicopters from the police aviation unit with civil defence nurses on board.
Another line of speculation argues that the burial place belongs to one of Alexander's admirals named Nearchos, who was associated with the ancient city and was exiled there by King Philip II.