Nenets Autonomous Area

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Nenets Autonomous Area

(nyĕ`nyĭts), administrative division (1990 est. pop. 55,000), 68,224 sq mi (176,700 sq km), extreme NE European Russia. Formed in 1929, the area forms the northern part of Arkhangelsk oblast and extends along the tundra coast of the Barents, White, and Kara seas. Naryan-Mar, the capital, is a lumber port on the Pechora River. The area includes the northern section of the Pechora coal basin, with mines at Khalmer-Yu and along the Silova River. Until the discovery of oil and gas fields, reindeer raising, fishing, fur trapping, and seal hunting were the chief occupations. Fish canning, sawmilling, and hide processing are also important to the area. Many of the formerly nomadic Nenets live in agricultural settlements. Russians make up a majority (66%) of the population, while the Nenets have shrunk to 12% of the population. The Nenets, previously known as SamoyedesSamoyedes
or Samoyeds
, partly nomadic, partly settled agricultural tribes found in N Siberia and the Taimyr Peninsula, especially in the basin of the Ob and Yenisei rivers. Traditionally they hunted reindeer and held shamans in high repute.
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, speak a Finno-Ugric language and are either Orthodox Christians or animists. They were first mentioned in the 11th cent., and became tributaries of the grand duchy of Moscow at the end of the 15th cent. In 1977 the area's political status was changed from a national area to an autonomous area. In the 1990s there have been demands for an increase in the area's share of oil royalties, as well as talk of secession from the oblast.
References in periodicals archive ?
The ARCOP project actively discussed scenarios for marine oil transportation from Varandey terminal (68[degrees]49' N; 57[degrees]59'E) in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug ('district'-hereafter NAO) to Rotterdam in the Netherlands.
Inland waters of Russia, with the exception of inland waters related to the territory of the Murmansk and Arkhangelsk regions, the Nenets Autonomous Okrug and the Republic of Komi, it is allowed to extract up to 10 kg of trout (trout - all forms of the species), char (all forms of the species, except Arctic passages), whitefish, grayling and bream (living form).
Kharyaga: In the Arctic north's Nenets autonomous okrug (sub-region), in the Timan-Pechora Basin, the Kharyaga JV began 39o API oil production in October 1999 at 10,000 b/d from three wells.
The Department of Natural Resources, Ecology and Agro-Industrial Complex of the Nenets Autonomous Okrug continues preparations for a massive miscalculation of the herd of the island of Kolguev, which it decided to hold in the Year of Reindeer Husbandry.
The area licenced to PL is in the Nenets Autonomous okrug (sub-region) some 125 km south of the Barents Sea.
Address : Arkhangelsk region, Nenets Autonomous Okrug (Arkhangelsk region)
Drilling of wells for OOO Tatneft-Samara in the Ulyanovsk Oblast, the Nenets Autonomous Okrug and the Republic of Kalmykiya
Drilling of wells for OOO Tatneft-Samara in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug and the Republic of Kalmykia Drilling of well No.
Polar Lights Company operates the Ardalin oil field in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug of the Timan Pechora Basin, about 1,000 miles (1,600 kilometers) northeast of Moscow.
The Ardalin field, in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug of the Timan Pechora Basin, began production in August 1994, in the harsh arctic tundra environment, about 1,000 miles (1,600 kilometers) northeast of Moscow.