Neurobiology

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Neurobiology

Study of the development and function of the nervous system, with emphasis on how nerve cells generate and control behavior. The major goal of neurobiology is to explain at the molecular level how nerve cells differentiate and develop their specific connections and how nerve networks store and recall information. Ancillary studies on disease processes and drug effects in the nervous system also provide useful approaches for understanding the normal state by comparison with perturbed or abnormal systems. The functions of the nervous system may be studied at several levels: molecular, subcellular (organelle), cellular, simple multicellular interacting systems, complex systems, and higher functions (whole animal behavior). See Biopotentials and ionic currents, Memory, Motor systems, Nervous system (invertebrate), Nervous system (vertebrate), Nervous system disorders, Neuron, Sense organ, Synaptic transmission

References in periodicals archive ?
One of the main flaws of current human, brain-controlled prosthetics is that patients cannot sense the texture of what they touch, said Duke neurobiologist Miguel Nicolelis, who carried out the study with his team.
These articles usually described what doctors had witnessed in their own practices, says neurobiologist Fernando Gomez-Pinilla of the University of California, Los Angeles.
Immunological, genetic, cell culture, and cell imaging techniques have also enriched the repertoire of cellular neurobiologists.
For their investigation, the neurobiologists analyzed the function of genes that play a role in the development of the visual system of the fruit fly.
Contributors are psychologists, neurobiologists, and specialists in behavioral medicine and parapsychology from North America, Europe, Australia, and Brazil.
In order to integrate developments in the field of cytokine biology over the ten years since the first edition, the second edition fields a whole new team of writers with instructions to continue the basic goal of introducing cytokines to neurobiologists.
Patterns of mild electrical disturbance in the brains of epilepsy patients seem to foreshadow a seizure hours before its onset, reports a group of neurobiologists and electrical engineers.
This book brings together contributions from experts in several fields, including glial biologists, neurobiologists and specialists in purinergic receptor structure and pharmacology, to consider how extracellular ATP acts to integrate communication between different types of glia, and between neurons and glia.
The dopamine model's predictions, created as part of a unique collaborative effort among physicists, mathematicians and neurobiologists, are supported by observations made in animal models.
Cell and structural biologists, geneticists, neurobiologists, and immunologists delve into such issues as the organizing principles behind cell shape change, whether there are master switches in every cell type, how extracellular signals are interpreted by the cell in order to activate intracellular mechanisms, the influence of the extra-cellular matrix on cell movements and internal signaling pathways, and how pathogens subvert cellular systems in order to stimulate or block their uptake.
Neurobiologists have long surmised that itch units are a type of nerve fiber especially sensitive to histamines, says pain researcher H.
Rosbash and Takahashi are both leading neurobiologists with unparalleled expertise in circadian rhythms, sleep-wake disorders, in vivo assays and functional genomics.