Neurobiology

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Neurobiology

Study of the development and function of the nervous system, with emphasis on how nerve cells generate and control behavior. The major goal of neurobiology is to explain at the molecular level how nerve cells differentiate and develop their specific connections and how nerve networks store and recall information. Ancillary studies on disease processes and drug effects in the nervous system also provide useful approaches for understanding the normal state by comparison with perturbed or abnormal systems. The functions of the nervous system may be studied at several levels: molecular, subcellular (organelle), cellular, simple multicellular interacting systems, complex systems, and higher functions (whole animal behavior). See Biopotentials and ionic currents, Memory, Motor systems, Nervous system (invertebrate), Nervous system (vertebrate), Nervous system disorders, Neuron, Sense organ, Synaptic transmission

References in periodicals archive ?
Cheryl Craft, a neurobiologist at USC's Keck School of Medicine, who adds, ``We don't understand exactly what happens, and I'd be lying if I said we did.
Crick's rallying cry for psychologists, neurologists, neurobiologists, and molecular biologists to turn serious attention to the "search for the soul" is much like Erwin Schrodinger's attempt to bring physicists to genetics in his influential What Is Life?
These articles usually described what doctors had witnessed in their own practices, says neurobiologist Fernando Gomez-Pinilla of the University of California, Los Angeles.
Immunological, genetic, cell culture, and cell imaging techniques have also enriched the repertoire of cellular neurobiologists.
The travels of other timekeeping navigators that neurobiologists could study, such as honeybees and desert ants, might involve learning and memory.
These exciting developments have posed a considerable challenge to neurobiologists in that the array of relevant technologies for study of the nervous system is arguably broader than for biologists in any other field.
The dopamine model's predictions, created as part of a unique collaborative effort among physicists, mathematicians and neurobiologists, are supported by observations made in animal models.
Contributors are psychologists, neurobiologists, and specialists in behavioral medicine and parapsychology from North America, Europe, Australia, and Brazil.
In order to integrate developments in the field of cytokine biology over the ten years since the first edition, the second edition fields a whole new team of writers with instructions to continue the basic goal of introducing cytokines to neurobiologists.
Patterns of mild electrical disturbance in the brains of epilepsy patients seem to foreshadow a seizure hours before its onset, reports a group of neurobiologists and electrical engineers.
This book brings together contributions from experts in several fields, including glial biologists, neurobiologists and specialists in purinergic receptor structure and pharmacology, to consider how extracellular ATP acts to integrate communication between different types of glia, and between neurons and glia.
UC Irvine neurobiologists have provided the first visual evidence that learning promotes brain health - and that mental stimulation could limit the debilitating effects of aging on memory and the mind.