Neurological Disease

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Neurological Disease


any disorder of the central nervous system.

A neurological disease can involve the loss of some function; for example, some neurological diseases are accompanied by paralysis (loss of the motor function) or by the loss of sensitivity to pain, temperature, or other stimuli. Irritative stimuli, such as convulsion or pain, can arise. Mental disorders can predominate when a neurological disease disturbs the important integrative function of the nervous system. In addition to the primary cause, hereditary peculiarities of the affected organism play an important role in determining the body’s reactions during the pathogenesis of neurological disease.

Structural changes in the central or peripheral nervous system result in organic neurological diseases. These are distinguished from the functional neurological diseases, such as the neuropsychic diseases (neuroses). Several groups of organic neurological diseases are classified according to their etiology. These include such vascular diseases as hypertension and atherosclerosis of the cerebral blood vessels; such infectious diseases as meningitides, encephalitides, and poliomyelitis; poisonings, as in alcoholism; tumors of the nervous system; and traumas. Hereditary diseases of the nervous system constitute a separate category, for example, myopathies and myotonias. Clinical neurology (neuropathology in the USSR) is the study of neurological disease.


References in periodicals archive ?
Highlighting a potential target in the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) and Alzheimer's disease, new research suggests that triggering a protein found on the surface of brain cells may help slow the progression of these and other neurological diseases.
Henry Ford Neuroscience Institute is one of the nation's leading centers for neurological diseases.
PBA is a neurological disease distinguished by sudden and uncontrollable laughing or crying, secondary to a neurological condition like traumatic brain injury, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson s, a stroke, or Alzheimer s disease
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The launch of the Neurology Discovery Services laboratory in Israel directly compliments and strengthens the resources available to MD Biosciences' clients by providing a range of solutions for Neurological Diseases.
Maybe I did have a debilitating neurological disease after all: RSI.
27, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- The Annette Funicello Research Fund for Neurological Diseases, Inc.
This PAS is intended to achieve a better understanding of the effects of neurological disorders on the blood-brain barrier (BBB), improve our knowledge of- BBB biology and how it may contribute to the initiation and/or progression of neurological disease over the lifespan and develop new approaches for targeting the BBB, based on biological considerations, in order to improve drug delivery and target treatment of one or more such disorders.
ALS (also referred to as Motor Neuron Disease (MND), Charcot's disease or Lou Gehrig's disease) is a progressive and fatal neurological disease that affects 100,000 -120,000 people worldwide with about 1,200 new cases occurring in the UK each year.
Scientists praised the discovery Thursday as a monumental breakthrough in their research and said it could eventually lead to a cure for Alzheimer's, a degenerative neurological disease which affects 4 million people annually.
Patients that present with clinical symptoms and evidence of non-specific neurological disease undergo a battery of tests in a diagnostic process that can take months or even years to complete.
During the last century, a neurological disease akin to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis spiked among the Chamorro people in Guam.

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