New Delhi


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New Delhi

(dĕl`ē), city (1991 pop. 294,149), capital of India and of the National Capital Territory of DelhiDelhi
, union territory and city, N central India. The union territory, officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (2001 provisional pop. 13,782,976), 573 sq mi (1,484 sq km), is on the Delhi plain, which is crossed by the Yamuna River and stretches between the Aravalli
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, N central India, on the right bank of the Yamuna River. Predominantly an administrative center, it was constructed between 1912 and 1929 to replace Calcutta (now KolkataKolkata
, formerly Calcutta
, city (1991 pop. 10,916,272), capital of West Bengal state, E India, on the Hugli River. It is the second largest city in India and one of the largest in the world.
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) as capital of British India; New Delhi was officially inaugurated in 1931. The city is also a transportation hub and trade center with manufactures in electronics, automobile parts, engineering products, and electrical appliances.

Designed by architects Sir Edwin LutyensLutyens, Sir Edwin Landseer
, 1869–1944, English architect. He began his career designing small houses in Surrey and later executed a series of large country establishments, many of them complete with furniture and gardens.
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 and Herbert Baker, New Delhi has broad, symmetrically aligned streets that provide vistas of historic monuments. Between the main government buildings a broad boulevard leads east to west from India Gate, a massive war memorial arch (built 1921), through a great court to the resplendent sandstone and marble Government House (formerly the viceroy's palace; now the residence of India's president). In the southern section of the city is the prayer ground where Mahatma GandhiGandhi, Mohandas Karamchand
, 1869–1948, Indian political and spiritual leader, b. Porbandar. In South Africa

Educated in India and in London, he was admitted to the English bar in 1889 and practiced law unsuccessfully in India for two years.
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 was assassinated (1948). In the west are Balmiki and Lakshminarayan temples, which Gandhi frequented; the Swaminarayan Akshardham temple (2005) is is East Delhi across the Yamuna. The city has many sports stadiums and medical institutes. In recent years metropolitan New Delhi, including Old DelhiDelhi
, union territory and city, N central India. The union territory, officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (2001 provisional pop. 13,782,976), 573 sq mi (1,484 sq km), is on the Delhi plain, which is crossed by the Yamuna River and stretches between the Aravalli
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, has experienced overcrowding and severe air pollution. The city opened its subway system, the second in India, in 2002.

New Delhi

 

the southern, administrative part of Delhi, the capital of India. New Delhi is the site of the principal governmental institutions of India, which has led to the incorrect use of the name New Delhi to designate Delhi.

References in periodicals archive ?
Following the introduction of our service to Kozhikode last month, we are delighted to further expand our destination network to India by announcing the launch of service to New Delhi," said A.
By Somini Sengupta in New Delhi Somini Sengupta is New Delhi bureau chief for The New York Times; additional reporting by Hari Kumar for The Times; and Suzanne Bilyeu.
Aside from the DIILS MET to New Delhi, India, past week-long seminars have addressed:
and Speer's for Berlin, and there is an analysis of Lutyens's interest in pure geometry and rigorous use of triangulation, although a laboured red herring about Masonry and the 'English educated upper classes' seems pointless when the author concedes that 'if Mughal architecture was hardly used as a direct model for the absolutely hexagonal plan of New Delhi, just as hexagonal symbolism of Hinduism or the geometry of contemporary freemasons' lodges, then there is little room to make plausible lateral connections to any of these traditions'.
In: XXVth National Congress of Indian Association of Medical Microbiologists; 2001 Nov 21-25; New Delhi, India.
Only 43 gas stations in New Delhi can now sell CNG, and everyone knows that isn't enough.
A Convergence of Advaita Vedanta and Eastern Christian Thought, New Delhi, ISPCK, 2000, 377pp.
Our delegation of journalists, winners of the annual Population Institute reporting awards, arrives in New Delhi in the middle of the night and drives through nearly deserted streets to our hotel.
Earlier reports suggested an explosion, possibly caused by terrorists, was behind the accident at Gaisan Station, about 1,000 kilometers northeast of New Delhi.
Indian writer Arundhati Roy, who won the Booker Prize for her novel The God of Small Things, marched in New Delhi.
She had been the first woman recruited to the Indian Police Force, in the 1970s, and when supervisor of Asia's largest prison, in New Delhi, had introduced Gandhian philosophy and practice.
For a few hours, this city was host to events that seemed borrowed from the days after a Hindu nationalist assassinated Gandhi in New Delhi on Jan.