New Zealand literature

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New Zealand literature.

In the 20th cent. New Zealand developed a vital literary tradition, though only a few of its authors are well-known outside its islands: Katherine MansfieldMansfield, Katherine,
1888–1923, British author, b. New Zealand, regarded as one of the masters of the short story. Her original name was Kathleen Beauchamp. A talented cellist, she did not turn to literature until 1908.
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, short-story writer; Sylvia Ashton-WarnerAshton-Warner, Sylvia,
1905–84, New Zealand British novelist and educator, b. Stratford, New Zealand. For years a teacher of Maori children, Ashton-Warner developed many stimulating educational methods about which she wrote in the treatise Teacher
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, novelist and teacher; Eileen Duggan, poet; Dame Ngaio MarshMarsh, Dame Ngaio
, 1899–1982, New Zealand detective story writer. She was an art student, actress, and theatrical producer before her first novel, A Man Lay Dead, was published in 1934.
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, writer of detective fiction; and Janet FrameFrame, Janet
(Janet Paterson Frame Clutha) , 1924–2004, New Zealand novelist, b. Dunedin. Frame's complex, disturbing novels are marked by startling images and masterful language.
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, novelist. Nonetheless, New Zealand has maintained a flourishing literary culture since the 1930s. John Mulgan and Frank Sargeson initiated the New Zealand school in the interwar years, followed after World War II by Maurice Duggan, James K. Baxter, and Ian Cross. In subsequent decades, writers such as Maurice Gee and Maurice Shadbolt extended the permissible range of subjects to include New Zealand's Maori heritage. This new freedom is evident in works like Keri Hulme's The Bone People (1984) and Witi Ihimaera's writings. New Zealand has also figured in the works of many authors from Alfred Domett and Samuel ButlerButler, Samuel,
1835–1902, English author. He was the son and grandson of eminent clergymen. In 1859, refusing to be ordained, he went to New Zealand, where he established a sheep farm and in a few years made a modest fortune.
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 in the 19th cent. to the present-day students of Maori culture and New Zealand government.


See histories of New Zealand literature by A. Mulgan (1943), E. H. McCormick (1959), and J. C. Reid and P. Cope (1979); J. Stevens, The New Zealand Novel, 1860–1965 (2d ed. 1966); New Zealand Short Stories, a series of anthologies (1953–84); F. Adcock, The Oxford Book of Contemporary New Zealand Poetry (1982), and I. Wedde and H. McQueen, The Penguin Book of New Zealand Verse (1985).

References in periodicals archive ?
Less immediately evident, but equally reductive, is the pervasive if unacknowledged (earlier) critical assumption that the lonely man at the symbolic centre of New Zealand literature is a European (Pakeha) one, a white man facing the "empty," alien landscape of the new colony, or the loneliness of pioneer life, or the loss of religious certainly and social structure that characterizes the angst of (European) modernism.
The New Zealand literature features many "conditions" that need to be in place for collaboration to occur, and several reports focus on what is required for collaboration to be a success.
Many of the writers who have passed through the workshop have gone on to become significant figures in contemporary New Zealand literature and, in several cases, internationally.
Besides providing a New Zealand perspective on an international literature review, New Zealand-based reviewers of priority areas can review New Zealand literature, consult local experts, and locate and describe existing New Zealand data sets and current data-gathering efforts.
Stead, with some half-dozen other novels to his credit, has contributed hugely to contemporary New Zealand literature, its study, its teaching, its controversies, along with its creation.
from Willy's Gazette', in The Auckland University Press Anthology of New Zealand Literature, ed.
They also introduce new readers to her work, and relate her biography, her teacher training methods, how she was understood in the Maori communities in which she worked, her status in New Zealand literature, and a critique of two of her novels.
Judith Davey surveys the New Zealand literature on risks to young people, providing both a gender breakdown of these threats to well-being, as well as an analysis of the linkages between risks.
For many years New Zealand literature was dominated by a male coterie of academic writer/critics, and the contribution of women writers was downplayed as "female" writing.
Review of The Auckland University Press Anthology of New Zealand Literature, edited by Jane Stafford and Mark Williams (Auckland: Auckland University Press, 2012).
In his inaugural editorial, Frank McKay noted the burgeoning interest in New Zealand literature 'both at home and abroad', and the growth of New Zealand literature as a teaching subject in schools and at university level; further, conferences on New Zealand literature held at Victoria University in the late 1970s suggested that a specialist journal seemed timely.
The term 'New Zealand literature' can be traced as far back as the 1860s, (7) mostly in terms similar to Allen Curnow's nationalist project: New Zealand literature did not yet exist and needed to be created.

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