a people inhabiting the valley of Katmandu in Nepal; some Newar live in urban areas in the eastern and western parts of the country. Population in Nepal, about 550,000 (1971, estimate). Small groups have also settled in India. The language of the Newar is Newari (Nepal Bhasa); it is used for literature and newspapers. A considerable number of Newar also speak Nepali. Buddhism, the religion of the Newar, has been strongly influenced by Hinduism. The Newar are the descendants of the ancient population of Nepal. In the Middle Ages they formed several feudal principalities. Their main occupations are land cultivation and livestock raising. Various handicrafts are well developed; the Newar are widely known for their jewelry.
REFERENCESRed’ko, I. B. Nepal posle vtoroi mirovoi voiny. Moscow, 1960.
Kostinskii, D. N. Nepal. Moscow, 1960.
Narody Iuzhnoi Azii. Moscow, 1963.
Nepali, G. S. The Newars: An Ethno-sociological Study of a Himalayan Community. Bombay, 1965. M. K. KUDRIAVTSEV