Nghe An-Ha Tinh Soviets of 1930

Nghe An-Ha Tinh Soviets of 1930


(Nghe-Tinh Soviets), the bodies of popular revolutionary power that emerged in several districts of Nghe An and Ha Tinh provinces in central Vietnam in 1930, during a revolutionary upsurge that was led by the Communist Party of Indochina.

In September 1930, through a series of workers’ and peasants’ uprisings, the Red Peasant Unions assumed de facto power in several districts of Nghe An Province, including Nam Dan, Than Thuong, Anh Son, Nghi Loc, and Hung Nguyen. The governing councils that were formed at this time functioned as a popular revolutionary government and began calling themselves soviets.

Late in 1930 the movement spread to a number of districts of Ha Tinh Province, including Can Loc, Duc Tho, Thanh Ha, Nhgi Xuan, and Hong Khe. The Nghe An and Ha Tinh Soviets carried out such democratic reforms as redistribution of communal land, rent reduction, and cancellation of peasant debts to landlords; they also fought illiteracy. The peasants also spontaneously seized and distributed the holdings of landlords. The Nghe An-Ha Tinh Soviets were supported by the revolutionary movement throughout the country. They endured for several months against colonialist repressions, lasting until April 1931 in Nghe An Province and until August 1931 in Ha Tinh Province.


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Tran Huy Lieu. Lich sumuoi nam chong Phap. (The Revolutionary History of a Decade of Fighting Against France), vol. 2, part 1. Hanoi, 1958.