Nicaea


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Nicaea

(nīsē`ə), city of Bithnyia, N Asia Minor, built in the 4th cent. B.C. by Antigonus I as Antigonia and renamed Nicaea by Lysimachus for his wife. It flourished under the Romans. It was the scene of the ecumenical council called in A.D. 325 by Constantine IConstantine I
or Constantine the Great
, 288?–337, Roman emperor, b. Naissus (present-day Niš, Serbia). He was the son of Constantius I and Helena and was named in full Flavius Valerius Constantinus.
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, and a second council held there in 787 sanctioned the devotional use of images (see Nicaea, First Council ofNicaea, First Council of,
325, 1st ecumenical council, convened by Roman Emperor Constantine the Great to solve the problems raised by Arianism. It has been said that 318 persons attended, but a more likely number is 225, including every Eastern bishop of importance, four
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 and Nicaea, Second Council ofNicaea, Second Council of,
787, 7th ecumenical council, convened by Byzantine Empress Irene. Called to refute iconoclasm, the council declared that images ought to be venerated (but not worshiped) and ordered them restored in churches.
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). The city, captured by the Turks in 1078 and by the Crusaders in 1097 (see also Nicaea, empire ofNicaea, empire of,
1204–61. In 1204 the armies of the Fourth Crusade set up the Latin Empire of Constantinople, but the Crusaders' influence did not extend over the entire Byzantine Empire.
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), passed finally to the Turks in 1330. It is sometimes called Nice. The modern İznik, Turkey, is on the site.

Nicaea

an ancient city in NW Asia Minor, in Bithynia: site of the first council of Nicaea (325 ad), which composed the Nicene Creed
References in periodicals archive ?
One of the things that happened after Nicaea is that Christians were so happy about saying "Jesus is God" that they forgot the other fact the old confession emphasizes--Jesus is also truly human.
Having consulted several sources, the Wikipedia article on the First Council of Nicaea reports that the Roman Emperor Constantine had invited all 1, 800 bishops of the Christian church, but a lesser and unknown number attended.
In early times Easter was celebrated on different days of the week but in AD325 the Council of Nicaea was convened by the Roman emperor Constantine.
AaHowever, the early Church fathers convened the Conference of Nicaea in 325AD, during which they decided to calculate the date by means of reference to pre-formulated tables instead of waiting to see when the days of the year were the same length.
From Nicaea Saint Sava set off on a perilous journey in the middle of the winter across the Black Sea to the Bulgarian coast, and then on horseback for several days to the court of the Bulgarian King Asen in Tmovo.
Christian theology increasingly divinised the person of Jesus, a position enshrined definitively at Nicaea.
Likewise, the texts of the Second Council of Nicaea of 787, which restored the powers of icons within the liturgy, powerfully resonate with Warhol's interests.
In 325, the Council of Nicaea instituted Lent, which for most Christian congregations runs from Ash Wednesday to Easter.
We have deliberated in fraternal love on the issues that concern the Orthodox Church, and participating in the festivities of this occasion, we celebrated together the Holy Eucharist in the Most Sacred Patriarchal Church of the Ecumenical Throne, today, 12 October 2008, Sunday of the Holy Fathers of the 7th Ecumenical Council of Nicaea.
Anomalously, of course, iconoclasts within the Christian faith were frustrated at the Council of Nicaea in 787.
325 The Council of Nicaea set the rules for the computation of Easter.
Nicholas went on to become bishop of Myra, the capital of Lycia, and took part in the Council of Nicaea that greatly influenced Christianity.