Nicaragua Canal

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Nicaragua Canal,

proposed waterway between the Atlantic and the Pacific oceans. One often considered route would be 172.8 mi (278 km) long and would generally follow the San Juan River, then go through Lake NicaraguaNicaragua, Lake,
3,089 sq mi (8,001 sq km), c.100 mi (160 km) long and up to 45 mi (72 km) wide, SW Nicaragua; the largest lake of Central America. It is drained into the Caribbean Sea by the San Juan River.
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 near the southern shore and across the narrow isthmus of Rivas to the Pacific Ocean. First proposed by Henry ClayClay, Henry,
1777–1852, American statesman, b. Hanover co., Va. Early Career

His father died when he was four years old, and Clay's formal schooling was limited to three years.
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, the U.S. secretary of state in 1826, the route was an important factor in negotiation of the Clayton-Bulwer TreatyClayton-Bulwer Treaty,
concluded (Apr. 19, 1850) at Washington, D.C., between the United States, represented by Secretary of State John M. Clayton, and Great Britain, represented by the British plenipotentiary Sir Henry Bulwer.
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 (1850). In more recent times the route has been considered as an adjunct to the Panama CanalPanama Canal,
waterway across the Isthmus of Panama, connecting the Atlantic (by way of the Caribbean Sea) and Pacific oceans, built by the United States (1904–14, on territory leased from the republic of Panama) and expanded by Pamana (2007–16).
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; it would shorten the water distance between New York and San Francisco by nearly 500 mi (805 km).

Under the Bryan-Chamorro Treaty (1916), the United States paid Nicaragua $3 million for an option in perpetuity and free of taxation, including 99-year leases to the Corn Islands and a site for a naval base on the Gulf of Fonseca. Costa Rica protested that Costa Rican rights to the San Juan River were infringed, and El Salvador maintained that the proposed naval base affected both it and Honduras. Both protests were upheld by the Central American Court of Justice. The court rulings were ignored by Nicaragua and the United States. The action was bitterly criticized by Latin Americans and others as an example of U.S. imperialism. A possible route was surveyed in the early 1930s, and a barge canal was proposed later in the decade. In 1970 the Bryan-Chamorro Treaty was rescinded.

In 2013, Nicaragua granted the Hong Kong Nicaragua Canal Development Investment Co. a 50-year concession for the building of the Nicaragua Canal. The company subsequently proposed (2014) a route that would begin at Punta Gorda on Nicaragua's Caribbean coast (more than 40 mi/65 km N of the San Juan River's mouth), cross Lake Nicaragua, and then enter the Pacific at Brito.

References in periodicals archive ?
Along with the Nicaraguan Canal, the proposed Kra Canal project in Thailand, which also involves China, would connect the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea and allow shipping traffic to bypass the Strait of Malacca.
The Nicaraguan canal is aiming to allow trans-oceanic transit to cargo ships and oil tankers larger than many that cross the Panama Canal, according to HKND.
The developer of the Nicaraguan Canal reports that there will be two lock groups of three steps each.
In 2015, the work on the Nicaraguan Canal is scheduled to begin, however the final route will not be ascertained till the third quarter of this year.
It would have far less control over a Nicaraguan canal, and will doubtless do its best to derail the project.
A Nicaraguan canal could be built with machinery and materials that did not exist a century ago, but the route would still have to pass through inhospitable and largely unroaded terrain.
ez announced a Chinese company will help finance a Nicaraguan canal at a total cost of about $40bln.
The commission concluded that while a Nicaraguan canal would cost more, Nicaragua had fewer entangling treaty stipulations with neighboring nations, and selecting it over Panama avoided diplomatic dealings with Colombia.
and Britain for an ocean-to-ocean Nicaraguan canal that nearly sparked war in 1848.
LM: The Nicaraguan Canal is also being considered as a viable alternative by some shipping executives.
HKND Group declared that it has inked a contract with two major international firms SBE and MEC Mining to offer advice and expertise as the company continues to work on the technical feasibility study and route selection for the Nicaraguan canal plan.
LM: Some experts in the shipping community are also considering the proposed Nicaraguan Canal as a viable alternative.