Niccolò Tommaseo

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Tommaseo, Niccolò

 

(pen name of Niccolò Tomašić). Born Oct. 9, 1802, in Šibenik, Dalmatia; died May 1, 1874, in Florence. Italian writer, philologist, and political figure. Participant in the Risorgimento.

Tommaseo was educated in Padua. In 1848 he took part in the republican government of Venice. After the revolution was suppressed in 1849 he emigrated, returning to Italy in 1854. Tommaseo wrote the poetry collections Confessions (1836) and Poetic Reminiscences (1838) and the historical novel Faith and Beauty (1840). These works, permeated with patriotic and religious motifs, reflect a quest for moral perfection. Tommaseo also collected examples of folk poetry. Other works by Tommaseo include the philological studies Commentary to The Divine Comedy (1837) and Civil History in Literature (1872) and the Dictionary of the Italian Language (vols. 1–7, 1858–79). In addition, Tommaseo wrote studies on philosophy and education and memoirs.

WORKS

Poesie eprose, vols. 1–2. Turin, 1966.

REFERENCES

Poluiakhtova, I. K. Istoriia ital’ianskoi literatury XIX veka (epokha Risordzhimento). Moscow, 1970.
Borlenghi, A. La poesia popolare italiana dell’800 e le raccolte del Tommaseo. Milan [1965].
Croce, B. “N. Tommaseo.” In La letteratura della nuova Italia, vol. 1. Bari, 1967.

I. K. POLUIAKHTOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
La seconda parte del saggio si sofferma sui commenti di Baldassare Lombardi, Niccolo Giosafatte Biagioli, Paolo Costa e Niccolo Tommaseo.
Galateo's well-known treatise has been frequently interpreted as a typical specimen of the genre De educatione, often treated by Renaissance humanists, with its characteristic Topoi, especially by most recent historians of Renaissance education; but many modern historians, including Niccolo Tommaseo and especially Benedetto Croce, emphasize the political and polemical purpose of the author who, like a typical nineteenth-century Rinascimento intellectual and aristocrat, would have expressed his hostility against the Aragonese and Spanish kings of Naples.
Of similar opinion are Niccolo Tommaseo [1837], Henry Wadsworth Longfellow [1867], and Giacomo Poletto [1894], who adds an important detail, one which might be put to the service of the later argument that makes the "tragic" style of Dante's odes what makes them notable in this context: Dante cites three of these earlier canzoni in the Commedia [at Purg.
La prima e dovuta ai testi presi in esame nel volume, per la maggior parte poco frequentati dalla critica: dagli scritti autobiografici e sperimentali del gruppo che fece capo al Conciliatore, sino a quelli di Carlo Bini e Niccolo Tommaseo.