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see African languagesAfrican languages,
geographic rather than linguistic classification of languages spoken on the African continent. Historically the term refers to the languages of sub-Saharan Africa, which do not belong to a single family, but are divided among several distinct linguistic stocks.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Clan names of Ser(a), Minito, Miro, Riam, Erepo, Kere, Kulok (Kuliak), K(w)or, Liwa/Riwa and Oropom recur among the Karimojong, reflecting Nilo-Saharan and Nilotic--Southern, Western, and Eastern--origins.
In an early source Tucker and Mpaayei (1955: 123) show that in Maasai, an Eastern Nilotic Nilo-Saharan language spoken in Kenya and Tanzania, this marker expresses action towards the speaker or the main person in the sentence (interlinear glossing added by the present author).
The topic of Akkadian and Amorite has very smartly been reduced to simply Akkadian, Jewish Palestinian Aramaic has been replaced with Baby-Ionian Jewish Aramaic, and the chapter on Nilo-Saharan languages has become focused on a single language, Kanuri.
For example, adjectives in Sampur and probably also in Camus (both are dialects of Nilo-Saharan Maa) are probably better analyzed as verbs heading a relative construction (Heine 1980: 182).
In contrast to this early diversity, from 1500 CE on, Bantu speakers (belonging to the larger Niger-Congo language phylum) and Nilotic speakers (belonging in the larger Nilo-Saharan language phylum) became dominant.
Ehret's contribution, "Ancient Egyptian as an African Language, Egypt as an African Culture," additionally points out Nilo-Saharan sources of political, religious, and agricultural practices, all fundamental to the formation and definition of Ancient Egyptian society.