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(nēm), city (1990 pop. 133,607), capital of Gard dept., S France, in Cévennes. An important market town and rail hub, its products include machinery, textiles and clothing, and tinware. An old Gallic town, it became Roman c.120 B.C. As Nemausus it was an important city, one of the finest of Narbonensis province (see GaulGaul
, Lat. Gallia, ancient designation for the land S and W of the Rhine, W of the Alps, and N of the Pyrenees. The name was extended by the Romans to include Italy from Lucca and Rimini northwards, excluding Liguria.
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). United to the French crown in 1258, it later became a stronghold of the Huguenots but suffered greatly from the revocation of the Edict of Nantes (1685). Nîmes is famous for its remarkable collection of Roman relics. The magnificent Roman arena (1st cent. A.D.), seating up to 24,000, is still in use. The well-preserved Maison Carée [square house], a Roman temple (1st or 2d cent. A.D.), one of the finest extant examples of Roman architecture, houses a museum of Roman antiquities. Other Roman relics are the temple of Diana (2d cent. A.D.), a watchtower, and the nearby Pont du GardPont du Gard
, Roman aqueduct across the Gard River, Gard dept., S France. Built in 19 B.C. to supply Nîmes with water, it consists of three tiers of arches and is c.900 ft (270 m) long and c.160 ft (50 m) high.
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a city in southern France at the foot of the Monts Garrigues. Prefecture of Gard Department; population, 124,900 (1968). Nîmes is a transportation junction. There are food-processing (wine, olive oil), knitwear, garment, shoe, and machine-building industries. The city was formerly well known for the manufacture of kerchiefs and fabric for furniture.

In the late fourth and third centuries B.C., Nîmes (Nemausus in Latin) was a settlement of a Celtic tribe, the Volcae Arecomici. In 121 or 120 B.C., the city was taken by Rome. Nîmes was plundered by Teutonic peoples and Arabs from the fourth to eighth centuries A.D. In the 12th century the city was an important trade and handicrafts center and won communal rights. In 1185 it became part of the countship of Toulouse. Nîmes was one of the hotbeds of the Albigensian heresy and was taken by the army of King Louis VIII of France in 1226. The city was joined to the French crown in 1229, as were other southern cities. In the 16th and 17th centuries, Nîmes was an important Huguenot center. It was the site of the Camisard uprising of the early 18th century.

Nîmes is famous for its many well-preserved Roman structures. These remains include the Porte d’Auguste (after 16 B.C.), the Corinthian temple Maison Carrée Oust prior to the Common Era), an amphitheater (late first century B.C. to early first century A.D.), the Temple of Diana (some of the thermae date to the early second century A.D.), the Tour Magne (possibly ruins of a mausoleum from the time of Augustus), and the aqueduct Pont du Gard (22 km from Nîmes, late first century B.C.). The Cathedral of St. Castor, which has a Romanesque facade and narthex, has a tower dating from the 11th to 15th centuries. To the south of Nîmes is located the residential complex Clos d’Orville (1964, G. Candilis).


Vieilleville, J. Nîmes, vingt siècles d’histoire. Nîmes, 1941.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hotel Central, Nimes, (0033 4 66672775) has double rooms from pounds 20.
The vital water flowed to Nimes and helped the town expand to the point where it could boast a large central temple, Maison Carree, dedicated to Agrippa's sons, and a massive amphitheatre, the Arenes.
Pierre Mosca, Nimes football director, said: "It's not a transfer, it's a kidnapping.
Supply, delivery and management of multi-brand good purchase for the benefit of agents of the city of Nimes.
Voluntary ex ante transparency notice: steel tank replacement work - residence le roman village in nimes.
the subject of the consultation is to build infrastructure and electronic communications facilities necessary for the implementation of projects of the city of Nimes and Nimes Metropole Urban Community.
Address : HU de Nimes pole ressources materielles unite des achats medicaux bat 6
The City of Nimes hopes to complete the urbanization of the BIA Roulle wells in urbanized part, representing nearly 6.
Newcastle are also believed to have checked out a Ligue 2 prospect over the weekend in Anthony Koura, of Nimes.
We are pleased to have Allied Orion Group managing our communities," said Nitin Chexal, Director of Nimes Real Estate.
Folkard missed one of the three qualifying legs as she could not afford to fly to Singapore but scored enough points in Nimes, France, and Las Vegas, USA, to reach the final head-to-head knockout competition, also in Las Vegas.
What is the name of the flat race run by threeyear-Quiz of the Day ANSWERS: 1 Second and third; 2 Nimes - as in de (from) Nimes; 3 1992; 4 A cloud of frozen comet nuclei at the edge of the solar system; 5 William and Catherine Booth; 6 Lancaster (the red rose) and York (the white rose); 7 Yellow; 8 The Oaks; 9 A kettledrum; 10 Cannonball.