(redirected from Nimes)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Acronyms.


(nēm), city (1990 pop. 133,607), capital of Gard dept., S France, in Cévennes. An important market town and rail hub, its products include machinery, textiles and clothing, and tinware. An old Gallic town, it became Roman c.120 B.C. As Nemausus it was an important city, one of the finest of Narbonensis province (see GaulGaul
, Lat. Gallia, ancient designation for the land S and W of the Rhine, W of the Alps, and N of the Pyrenees. The name was extended by the Romans to include Italy from Lucca and Rimini northwards, excluding Liguria.
..... Click the link for more information.
). United to the French crown in 1258, it later became a stronghold of the Huguenots but suffered greatly from the revocation of the Edict of Nantes (1685). Nîmes is famous for its remarkable collection of Roman relics. The magnificent Roman arena (1st cent. A.D.), seating up to 24,000, is still in use. The well-preserved Maison Carée [square house], a Roman temple (1st or 2d cent. A.D.), one of the finest extant examples of Roman architecture, houses a museum of Roman antiquities. Other Roman relics are the temple of Diana (2d cent. A.D.), a watchtower, and the nearby Pont du GardPont du Gard
, Roman aqueduct across the Gard River, Gard dept., S France. Built in 19 B.C. to supply Nîmes with water, it consists of three tiers of arches and is c.900 ft (270 m) long and c.160 ft (50 m) high.
..... Click the link for more information.



a city in southern France at the foot of the Monts Garrigues. Prefecture of Gard Department; population, 124,900 (1968). Nîmes is a transportation junction. There are food-processing (wine, olive oil), knitwear, garment, shoe, and machine-building industries. The city was formerly well known for the manufacture of kerchiefs and fabric for furniture.

In the late fourth and third centuries B.C., Nîmes (Nemausus in Latin) was a settlement of a Celtic tribe, the Volcae Arecomici. In 121 or 120 B.C., the city was taken by Rome. Nîmes was plundered by Teutonic peoples and Arabs from the fourth to eighth centuries A.D. In the 12th century the city was an important trade and handicrafts center and won communal rights. In 1185 it became part of the countship of Toulouse. Nîmes was one of the hotbeds of the Albigensian heresy and was taken by the army of King Louis VIII of France in 1226. The city was joined to the French crown in 1229, as were other southern cities. In the 16th and 17th centuries, Nîmes was an important Huguenot center. It was the site of the Camisard uprising of the early 18th century.

Nîmes is famous for its many well-preserved Roman structures. These remains include the Porte d’Auguste (after 16 B.C.), the Corinthian temple Maison Carrée Oust prior to the Common Era), an amphitheater (late first century B.C. to early first century A.D.), the Temple of Diana (some of the thermae date to the early second century A.D.), the Tour Magne (possibly ruins of a mausoleum from the time of Augustus), and the aqueduct Pont du Gard (22 km from Nîmes, late first century B.C.). The Cathedral of St. Castor, which has a Romanesque facade and narthex, has a tower dating from the 11th to 15th centuries. To the south of Nîmes is located the residential complex Clos d’Orville (1964, G. Candilis).


Vieilleville, J. Nîmes, vingt siècles d’histoire. Nîmes, 1941.
References in periodicals archive ?
Jarin said Solera bounced back from a terrible defensive effort in the first half after allowing Nimes to put up 17 points in the first half alone.
com (08701 569569) has a new daily service to Nimes from Stansted Airport.
About 30 rescue vehicles and six helicopters transferred the injured to hospitals in Montpellier and Nimes.
The Lycee Alphonse-Daudet is a large secondary school in Nimes occupying an agglomeration of nineteenth-century buildings.
Before the hailstorm, Nimes said the wind in Rodriguez was "warm and light" that it did not scatter the heat evenly to the areas where the rains are expected to hit.
After Nimes strung up five consecutive points to cut down FEU's lead to seven, 80-73 with 3:18 left to play, Inigo rifled in an open triple from the left side to bring the lead back to double digits.
Contract notice: Control, and maintenance work for children~s playgrounds in the city of nimes.
Former Mapua standout Josan Nimes played hurt and still wound up with game-high 19 points as the Bakers bounced back from an 87-94 loss to Big Chill last week to improve its win-loss mark to 4-3.
Address : Biologie / Biomdical Place professeur robert debr Direction de achats, 30029, Nimes
Allowances supported by the antenna of Nimes Montpellier USID, DB Nimes-Orange Laudun, sites and buildings located in Nimes, and Nimes Garons.
Address : Place du Professeur Robert Debr, 30029, Nimes Cedex9
The services will be performed for the City of NIMES and the Community of agglomeration NIMES METROPOLE as part of a control group consisting of 4 July 2011 deliberations (CANM) and 9 July 2011 (City NIMES).