Nobel Prize


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See also: Nobel Prizes (table)Nobel Prizes
Year Peace Chemistry Physics Physiology or Medicine Literature
1901 J. H. Dunant Frédéric Passy J. H. van't Hoff W. C. Roentgen E. A. von Behring R. F. A. Sully-Prudhomme
1902 Élie Ducommun C. A. Gobat Emil Fischer H. A.
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Nobel Prize,

award given for outstanding achievement in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, peace, or literature. The awards were established by the will of Alfred NobelNobel, Alfred Bernhard
, 1833–96, Swedish chemist and inventor. Educated in St. Petersburg, Russia, he traveled as a youth and returned to St. Petersburg in 1852 to assist his father in the development of torpedoes and mines.
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, who left a fund to provide annual prizes in the five areas listed above. These prizes were first given in 1901. The Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel was established in 1968 from funds provided by the Swedish national bank, Sveriges Riksbank, and was first awarded in 1969. Each prize consists of a gold medal, a sum of money, and a diploma with the citation of award. The amount of money available for each prize varies from year to year. The Nobel Prizes are awarded without regard to nationality; the judges are, by the terms of Nobel's will, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (physics and chemistry, as well as economic science), the Swedish Royal Caroline Medico-Surgical Institute (physiology or medicine), the Swedish Academy (literature), and a committee elected by the Norwegian parliament (peace). The awards are made on Dec. 10, the anniversary of Nobel's death, the Peace Prize being presented in Oslo and the others in Stockholm. A prize is sometimes shared; several times the Nobel Peace Prize has been given to an organization. There may be one or more years in which a prize or prizes may not be awarded; this has happened most often with the Peace Prize. See the tables entitled Nobel PrizesNobel Prizes
Year Peace Chemistry Physics Physiology or Medicine Literature
1901 J. H. Dunant Frédéric Passy J. H. van't Hoff W. C. Roentgen E. A. von Behring R. F. A. Sully-Prudhomme
1902 Élie Ducommun C. A. Gobat Emil Fischer H. A.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobelfor lists of persons who have been awarded the prizes.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the Elements section, visitors can explore the periodic table of elements, learning the properties of each element, or watch a film about world-renowned French-Polish physicist and chemist Marie Curie, who won the Nobel Prize for the discovery of two previously unknown elements: radium and polonium.
The list of the Nobel Prize winners this year is as follows:
Rainis certainly thought himself worthy of the prize, writing in his diary in 1919 that he had a dream that told him that "I must live longer than 300 years with full spiritual and bodily strength and a pure conscience, and I must win the Nobel Prize and earn endless wealth.
The Glasgow-born scientist was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1904 for his discovery of the noble gases - making him the first Brit to win the prize.
The post Bob Dylan now says will accept Nobel prize for literature appeared first on Cyprus Mail .
When analyzing the psychologists that had received the Nobel Prize, it is relevant to point out who is considered a psychologist (Ardila, 1969).
Because none of the people doing those tests were as famous as the man who'd won two Nobel Prizes.
Typically, Nobel Prize winners have written at least one paper that has been cited at least 2,000 times or even more than 5,000 times.
The auction house has sold two other Nobel Prize medals, both earlier this year.
I say 'may explain it' because for more than two years a fierce dispute has been going on in the academic world over whether one's chances of winning a Nobel Prize are indeed affected by chocolate consumption.
In 2010, the Nobel Prize for Peace was awarded to Liu Xiaobo, a Chinese literary critic and human rights activist who won the prize while serving time in a Chinese prison.
At age 17, Yousafzai is the youngestever Nobel Prize laureate.