Non-Self-Governing Territories

Non-Self-Governing Territories

 

the term used in the Charter of the United Nations to define all colonial and other dependent territories with the exception of trust territories, for which the trusteeship system has been created. The status of a non-self-governing territory is set down in Chapter XI of the UN Charter, which contains the Declaration Regarding Non-self-governing Territories.

According to the Charter, the UN members that bear or accept responsibility for governing non-self-governing territories thereby obligate themselves to promote the well-being of the population of these territories; secure their economic, political, and social progress; develop self-government; and regularly submit to the secretary-general of the UN information on the situation in these non-self-governing territories. The Department of Political Affairs, Trusteeship, and Decolonization exists within the UN Secretariat to study the situation in the non-self-governing territories. The principal UN agency with the responsibility to search for the best ways and means of eliminating colonial regimes in non-self-governing territories is a special committee set up to oversee implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, which was adopted by the 15th session of the General Assembly (1960).

Since the founding of the United Nations, most of the non-self-governing territories have achieved independence. The colonial powers have frequently resisted the aspirations of peoples in the non-self-governing territories toward freedom and independence.

References in periodicals archive ?
There are 17 Non-Self-Governing Territories remaining under the Special Committees purview: American Samoa, Anguilla, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands (Malvinas), French Polynesia, Gibraltar, Guam, Montserrat, New Caledonia, Pitcairn, Saint Helena, Tokelau, Turks and Caicos Islands, United States Virgin Islands and Western Sahara.
It is listed by the UN as a non-decolonised territory and included in the UN list of non-self-governing territories.
With a population of about 600,000 on territory covering roughly 266,000 square kilometers, Western Sahara, a Spanish colony until 1975, is the largest of 17 non-self-governing territories listed by the United Nations as having not reached final political status.
Today, the disputed territory is on the UN's list of non-self-governing territories.
That principle could not be justified under any circumstance, and the United Nations had a moral responsibility to the Non-Self-Governing Territories and their peoples.
She added "it is the duty of this Committee to assist non-self-governing territories to reach the status that is satisfactory to the people of that territory and it is therefore your duty to acknowledge the rights of Falkland islanders and not support those who covet our territory.
This reflects the longstanding legal principle, reiterated subsequently by the General Assembly that "the right of the peoples of the Non-Self-Governing Territories .
In 2002, the UN's top legal officer, Hans Corell, determined that if "further exploration and exploitation activities were to proceed without respect to the interests and wishes of the people of Western Sahara, the contracts would be in violation of the international legal principles dealing with non-self-governing territories.
International law is crystal clear on the issue of non-self-governing territories.
The Palestinian People's Right to Self-determination has been Recognized as an Erga Omnes Right Legally Obligating All Countries to see to it that any Impediment to the Palestinian People's Exercise of Self-determination is Brought to an End According to the ICJ, international law has developed such that the principle of self-determination is a right erga omnes applicable to all non-self-governing territories.
The Portuguese response was negative, since, according to its revised Constitution of 1951, the non-self-governing territories were overseas provinces.