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any of the various North Germanic languages of Norway



the language of the Norwegians and the official language of Norway. Norwegian is spoken in Norway, the USA, and Canada by about 5 million people (1970, estimate), including 3.9 million in Norway. Norwegian belongs to the Scandinavian group of Germanic languages. It has a large number of dialects. Special phonetic features include musical accent (simple and complex) and a relationship between length of vowel and consonant in a stressed syllable (syllabic equilibrium). The basic grammatical features are two cases for nouns (common and genitive), a suffixal definite article, weak and strong adjectives, and the absence of personal endings in the verb.

There are two forms of literary Norwegian: Riksmål (or Bok-mål) and Landsmål (Nynorsk, or Neo-Norwegian). The oldest linguistic remains are runic inscriptions of the tenth and 11th centuries, when Norwegian had begun to separate from proto-Scandinavian. The oldest manuscripts date to the second half of the 12th century. The writing system is based on the Latin alphabet.

Literary Danish became widespread in Norway in the late 14th century. A reaction against the domination of Danish began in the first half of the 19th century. In the mid-19th century a rivalry began between the two forms of literary Norwegian—Riksmål and Landsmål. The former arose in the 19th century on the basis of a Danish lexicon and grammar but Norwegian phonetics, and the latter was formed in the 19th century as a result of the artificial synthesis of Norwegian dialects. Riksmål is used far more widely than Landsmål.


Steblin-Kamenskii, M. I. Istoriia skandinavskikh iazykov. Moscow-Leningrad, 1953.
Steblin-Kamenskii, M. I. Grammatika norvezhskogo iazyka. Moscow-Leningrad, 1957.
Steblin-Kamenskii, M. I. “Vozmozhno li planirovanie iazykovogo razvitiia? (norvezhskoe iazykovoe dvizhenie v tupike).” Voprosy iazykoz-naniia, 1968, no. 3.
Arakin, V. D. Norvezhsko-russkii slovar’. Moscow, 1963.


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The company said that in early 2017, it had participated as a supplier to IGT in the competitive procurement process of Norsk Tipping for the delivery of online casino content.
Norsk Titanium AS is the world's pioneering supplier of aerospace-grade, additive manufactured, structural titanium components.
Warren Boley, President and CEO of Norsk Titanium, said, "Growth has been a consistent theme for Norsk Titanium, and today was no exception.
Country: NorwaySector: Metals/MiningTarget: Norsk Hydro ASA Buyer: Unnamed investors.
Norsk Hydro's Norwegian rival, the state-controlled Statoil, has said it wants 20%.
Contact: Anne Ekern, Norsk Hydro, phone +47-22-53-20-31, e-mail Anne.
Chiquette, who was winning for the third time in five outings, was the first leg of a double for Eddie Ahern, completed by Truie Lover in the Norsk St Leger.
With the Norwegian Film Institute and the Audiovisual Production Fund ready to subsidize these projects, however, Remlov says that Norsk will, in the future, "give more impetus to our own films.
Vale decided to retain its stake in Norsk Hydro for minimum two years, however did not hide its plans to sell it afterwards.
Norsk Hydro did not reveal the terms of the deal, which is seen to be wrapped up next month.
28 November 2011 - DNB Markets considers that cautiously positive market prospects at the upcoming investor day of Norwegian aluminium major Norsk Hydro ASA (OSL:NHY) could support a gradual share price increase.
Nineteen operating licences were offered to Norsk Hydro (6 licences), Statoil (4), Talisman Energy (2), Marathon Petroleum (2), ExxonMobil (1), Det Norske Oljeselskap (1), BP (1), BG International (1) and Paladin Resources (1).