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in France from the 14th to 18th centuries, members of a special form of assembly summoned by the king to consider financial and administrative questions. In contrast to the deputies of the Estates General, they were not elected by the estates but were chosen by the king from the most prominent representatives of the nobility, upper clergy, and urban elite.

Convened on an irregular basis, the assemblies were of a consultative character. They were a substitute for the assemblies of the Estates General, which were less submissive to royal authority. However, in 1787, just before the French Revolution, the Assembly of Notables rejected government reforms that infringed upon the tax privileges of the nobility and clergy.

The last Assembly of Notables was convened in 1788 for the purpose of considering the composition and voting procedures for the forthcoming meeting of the Estates General. It took a position hostile to the Third Estate, coming out against doubling the number of deputies from this estate and demanding that votes be cast separately by each estate rather than by individual deputies voting as members of the assembly as a whole. The procedure of voting by orders would have secured the domination of the Estates General by the nobility and clergy.


References in periodicals archive ?
It was clear to see how much they all love being in The Notables and how much confidence being in the band has given them.
In effect, these chapters show that the careful distinction the author makes between the First and the Second Assemblies of Notables matters, that the "political revolution" of the Notables did translate into "the political schooling" of the French nation.
These conclusions emerge from a careful reading of the arguments advanced in the Assembly of Notables.
As explained in the preface, the author used the reputational method to identify the notables in the book, drawing upon the advice of social workers with expertise in international social work.
Anyone with a weakness for British acting will have an especially tough time, since seemingly every one of Her Majesty's high-profile thespians is in at least one notable film this season.
Nafi focuses at length on the role of Arab notables and students in fomenting a national Arab consciousness.
VISUAL: A "chain of giving" made up of Boston-area notables and others unloading a tractor trailer load of 3,000 turkeys and handing the turkeys down the line for storage in the Food Bank's freezer.
Margery Jones, charity founder, said: "The Awards for All grant will enable the members of Notables Band to enjoy learning new songs and acquire new skills during weekly workshops, enabling them to perform at community events and arts festivals.
The promotion of local knowledge might be an end in itself, a form of friendly sociability which brought local notables together, but there was a public face to such activity as well, a desire to instruct the community as a whole in the past virtues and present accomplishments of the pays.
Both Communists and notables sought to influence the delegates as they acted on concerns about the workplace, public policy, and national liberation.
One part search engine, one part social network with a dash of artificial intelligence, Knover is a hybrid technology that organizes information around notables and their relationships.
Through an analysis of two entrees into seventeenth-century Dijon, this article shows how the notables of Dijon's city government used entrees to reinforce vertical ties with artisans, shopkeepers, wine-growers and others whose participation in the civic militia and acceptance of the statusquo were indispensable to preserving order.