Notodontidae


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Notodontidae

[‚nōd·ə′dän·tə‚dē]
(invertebrate zoology)
The puss moths, a family of lepidopteran insects in the superfamily Noctuoidea, distinguished by the apparently three-branched cubitus.

Notodontidae

 

a family of Lepidoptera. The wingspread is 4–10 cm. The posterior margin of the forewings usually has a hairy process in the form of a dens. The mouthparts are rudimentary, and the proboscis is most often underdeveloped. The auditory organs are on the metathorax. The females deposit their eggs on the leaves of trees and shrubs. The caterpillars are usually naked, although some are covered with short hairs. They often develop protrusions that give them fantastic shapes; the last pair of abdominal legs is usually absent or converted into slender appendages. The caterpillars feed on leaves. Many species are narrowly specialized in their diet, that is, they are adapted to certain species of plants.

Notodontidae are distributed in the forests of the torrid and temperate zones. Of approximately 3,000 known species, about 100 occur in the USSR. Some species are forest pests. The caterpillars of Phalera bucephala, which flies from May to July, develop on willow, aspen, poplar, birch, and other deciduous trees. The species is distributed in the European USSR, the Crimea, the Caucasus, Siberia, and the Far East. Peridea anceps, which flies from April to June and whose caterpillars develop on oak, is distributed in central and southern parts of Europe, the Caucasus, and the Far East.

REFERENCES

Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 3. Moscow, 1969.
Gornostaev, G. N. Nasekomye SSSR. Moscow, 1970.

M. I. FALKOVICH

References in periodicals archive ?
Here he lists genera and species in the Notodontidae and Oenosandridae families of the order Lepidoptera--butterflies and moths.
The collected insect with potential characteristic (size and behavior) to be a pollinator was a Lepidoptera that belongs to the family Notodontidae Stephens, 1829, genus Hemiceras Guenee, 1852.
Schintlmeister, who earned his doctorate in the biogeography and evolution of the palaeartic Notodontidae, brings his vast erudition to this compilation of over seven hundred types of this moth.
0 0 Pleuroprucha asthenaria 0 0 (Walker, 1861) Notodontidae Farigia magniphaga 0 0 (Schaus, 1928) Farigia sp.
Guide book to Taiwan insects (10): Brahmaeidae Eupterotidae Cyclidiidae Drepanidae Notodontidae.
9 3 Oxydia vesulia 71 117 Sabulodes caberata caberata 0 0 Stenalcidia grosica 315 372 Thyrinteina arnobia 5 7 Thyrinteina leucoceraea 176 115 Lymantriidae Sarsina violascens 6 19 Notodontidae Blera varana 2 3 Misogada blerura 3 24 Nystalea nyseus 2 0 Total of Group I 631 796 Group II--Secondary Pests Arctiidae Idalus admirabilis 38 71 Geometridae Iridopsis syrniaria 25 16 Saturniidae Automeris illustris 2 2 Automeris melanops 0 1 Eacles ducalis 0 2 Eacles imperialis magnifica 0 2 Hyperchiria incisa 5 5 Lonomia faleata 0 0 Stenomatidae Timocratica palpalis 0 2 Total of Group II 70 101 Total 701 897 Frequency (%) 34.
More recently, in 2005 a Neotropical species of Notodontidae, Nystalea ebalea Stoll, was discovered feeding on Schinus in South Florida (Fig.
Noctuoidea (part), volume 2: Arctiidae, Cocytiidae, Ctenuchidae, Dilobidae, Dioptidae, Lymantriidae, Notodontidae, Strepsimanidae, Thaumetopoeidae, Thyretidae In I.
In agricultural settings worldwide they were recorded from caterpillars of Arctiidae, Geometridae, Lasiocampidae, Limacodidae, Lymantriidae, Noctuidae, Notodontidae, Plutellidae, Pyralidae, Tenthredinidae, and Thaumetopoeidae (Whitfield et al.