Notoungulata


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Notoungulata

[‚nōd·ō‚əŋ·gyə′läd·ə]
(paleontology)
An extinct order of hoofed herbivorous mammals, characterized by a skull with an expanded temporal region, primitive dentition, and primitive feet with five toes, the weight borne mainly by the third digit.

Notoungulata

 

an order of fossil mammals. Closely related to the Ungulata, the Notoungulata are referred to as the South American ungulates. They lived in the Paleogene and the Pleistocene. Some members of the order, such as the Tipoteria, had traits of both ungulates and rodents; others, such as the Entelonichia and Toxodontia, resembled rhinoceroses and tapirs. The Notoungulata ranged in size from that of a rabbit to that of a rhinoceros. They evidently evolved in Asia from the condylarths; in the early Paleogene they reached America, where they became widely distributed and evolved into many morphologically and biologically different groups.

REFERENCES

Romer, A. S. Paleontologiia pozvonochnykh. Moscow-Leningrad, 1939. (Translated from English.)
Osnovy paleontologii: Mlekopitaiushchie. Moscow, 1962.
References in periodicals archive ?
He considered the fauna to be Pleistocene in age, and reported remains of Edentata, Notoungulata and Proboscidea, which are deposited in the American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA (Van Frank, 1957).
These features diagnose the specimens as members of Notoungulata (Simpson, 1948; Lavocat, 1958; Paula Couto, 1979).
2008: Os Xenarthra Pilosa (Megatheriidae), Notoungulata (Toxodontidae) e Proboscidea (Gomphotheriidae) da formacao Rio Madeira, Pleistoceno Superior, Estado de Rondonia, Brasil.
That is the case of the Glyptodontidae, Megalonychidae, Mylodontidae and Megatheriidae within the xenarthrans; to which the "native ungulates" must be added, with high diversification of lineages during the Paleogene and part of the Neogene, and whose last representatives (Litopterna Macraucheniidae and Notoungulata Toxodontidae) took part in this large extinction.