Notre-Dame de Paris

Notre-Dame de Paris

(nô`trə-däm də pärē`) [Fr.,=Our Lady of Paris], cathedral church of Paris, a noble achievement of early Gothic architecture in France. It stands upon the Île de la Cité, a small island in the Seine. The cornerstone was laid in 1163 by Pope Alexander III. The high altar was consecrated 20 years later, and the nave was completed except for the roofing in 1196. However, in 1230 the nave was reconstructed and the present flying buttresses were added. Soon after, chapels were installed between the buttresses, which radically altered not only the plan but the entire aesthetic of the building. The towers were finished c.1245, but the building was not completed until the beginning of the 14th cent. Among the master builders are the names Jehan de Chelles, Pierre de Montreuil, Pierre de Chelles, and Jehan Rave.

The plan consists of a wide central nave rising 110 ft (34 m) high and flanked by double aisles, with a transept of slight projection from the main body. The aisles continue around the east end, which, with the projecting chapels, forms a chevet. Three sculptured portals are deeply recessed in the majestic west front. Above them a row of sculptures in niches extends across the facade, and over this, in the center, is the huge traceried rose window.

In the French Revolution rioters converted the cathedral into a "Temple of Reason" and destroyed the sculptures of the west facade. Skillful restorations taking 25 years were begun in 1845 by Eugène Viollet-le-DucViollet-le-Duc, Eugène Emmanuel
, 1814–79, French architect and writer. He was the most prominent exponent of the Gothic revival in France, and was internationally celebrated for his restoration work upon historic French buildings.
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 and Jean-Baptiste Lassus, and a new central spire was constructed. Fire in 2019 destroyed the roof and spire and damaged other parts of the cathedral.

References in periodicals archive ?
Notre-Dame de Paris is French for "Our Lady of Paris.
I am best known for the works Les Miserables and Notre-Dame de Paris.
A perusal of topics includes titles such as the present King of France is bald, Victor Hugo as realist in Notre-Dame de Paris, Andre Gorz and the philosophical foundation of the political, Sontag between America and Europe, and a note on English loan words in American Italian and Standard Italian.
Because he wrote little and published seldom, Coche-reau's legacy as a composer rests almost entirely on the improvisations with which he concluded his recitals and amplified church services at Notre-Dame de Paris, where he was organist from 1955.
En diciembre de 1956 se estrena en Paris la tercera version cinematografica de Notre-Dame de Paris, la novela de Victor Hugo.
Dominique Venner shot himself through the mouth in front of the main altar of Notre-Dame de Paris.
Her performance, with Roberto Bolle, of Roland Petit's Notre-Dame de Paris (based on Victor Hugo's The Hunchback of Notre Dame), will also air this month.
New York, Feb 13 ( ANI ): Topless women activists from a feminist group had rang a church bell in the famous Notre-Dame de Paris Cathedral in Paris, to 'celebrate' the resignation of Pope Benedict XVI.
En el "Prologo" a las conversaciones entre Umberto Eco y Jean-Claude Carriere, tituladas Nadie acabara con los libros, Jean-Philippe de Tonnac parte de una idea de Notre-Dame de Paris, de Hugo: la inteligencia ha abandonado la arquitectura por la imprenta.
1300, y cuya majestuosa fachada recuerda a Notre-Dame de Paris.
Sur cette liste qui aurait ete communiquee par un "ressortissant germano-pakistanais interroge a la base (militaire americaine) de Bagram, en Afghanistan", figurent egalement l'hotel de luxe Adlon, pres de la Porte de Brandebourg a Berlin, la tour de television de l'Alexanderplatz, egalement dans la capitale allemande, ainsi que la cathedrale Notre-Dame de Paris.
THE ruins of Coventry Cathedral provide the setting tonight for a free performance based on Victor Hugo's Notre-Dame de Paris.