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Novara(nōvä`rä), city (1991 pop. 101,112), capital of Novara prov., Piedmont, N Italy. It is an agricultural and industrial center and a rail junction. Manufactures include textiles, chemicals, machinery, metals, processed food, and printed materials. It is a major market for rice. Several battles were fought (1500, 1513) near Novara during the Italian WarsItalian Wars,
1494–1559, series of regional wars brought on by the efforts of the great European powers to control the small independent states of Italy. Renaissance Italy was split into numerous rival states, most of which sought foreign alliances to increase their
..... Click the link for more information. . At Novara, in Mar., 1849, the Austrians under Radetzky defeated the Piedmontese under Charles Albert (see RisorgimentoRisorgimento
[Ital.,=resurgence], in 19th-century Italian history, period of cultural nationalism and of political activism, leading to unification of Italy. Roots of the Risorgimento
..... Click the link for more information. ). The Church of San Gaudenzio (16th–17th cent.) has an impressive campanile (19th cent.).
a city in northern Italy in the Piedmont region, on a lowland between the Agogna and Terdoppio rivers (tributaries of the Po). It is the capital of Novara Province. Population, 100,800 (1971).
Novara is an important transportation junction and a center of the textile industry. Other local industries include machine building, chemicals, and food processing. The city is linked by pipeline with a large oil refinery located to the east. The De Agostini Geographical Institute, which issues maps, handbooks, and other geographical publications, is located in Novara.
Novara was originally a Ligurian or Celtic settlement. In the Middle Ages it was the second most important city in the Duchy of Milan. On June 6, 1513, during the Italian Wars of 1494–1559, the French troops of Marshal La Trémouille were defeated near the city by the Swiss mercenaries of the Milanese duke Massimiliano Sforza. On Mar. 23, 1849, during the Austro-Italian War of 1848–49, the Sardinian army under General W. Chrzanowski (50,000 men and 112 guns) was defeated at Novara by the Austrian troops of Field Marshal J. Radetzky (57,000 men, 186 guns), after which the Sardinian king, Charles Albert, abdicated. On Mar. 26, 1849, Charles Albert’s successor, Victor Emmanuel II, concluded a truce and, in August 1849, a peace treaty with Austria.