Nuer


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Nuer

(no͞o`ər, no͝or), a Nilotic people living around Lake No in South Sudan. Their economy and social life generally revolve around cattle, which are grazed on the plains during the dry season and in the hills during the wet season. During the dry season, the Nuer also fish, hunt, and gather wild plant foods. At their initiation, boys receive six horizontal cuts in the forehead and are given cattle; thereafter they belong to an age gradeage grade and age set,
differentiation of social role based on age, commonly found in small-scale societies of North America and East Africa.
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, with whom they will advance into various positions within the clan over the period of their lives. Descent is patrilineal, and when a man marries he receives more cattle from his father (see marriagemarriage,
socially sanctioned union that reproduces the family. In all societies the choice of partners is generally guided by rules of exogamy (the obligation to marry outside a group); some societies also have rules of endogamy (the obligation to marry within a group).
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 and kinshipkinship,
relationship by blood (consanguinity) or marriage (affinity) between persons; also, in anthropology and sociology, a system of rules, based on such relationships, governing descent, inheritance, marriage, extramarital sexual relations, and sometimes residence.
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). There is no centralized political authority, but rather a number of autonomous village communities. Spiritual leaders, known as leopard skin chiefs, are employed in the mediation of disputes. E. E. Evans-PritchardEvans-Pritchard, Edward Evan,
1902–73, English social anthropologist. He made several expeditions to Africa. His major contributions lie in the fields of social anthropology and comparative religion.
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's ethnography (1940) is the standard work on the Nuer.

Nuer

 

(self-designation, Tog Naat), a people living in the region of the lower course of the Sobat River and to the southwest of the river, in the southern part of Sudan, and also in the border regions of Ethiopia. Population, about 700,000 (1970, estimate). The Nuer language is Nilotic. Feudal-patriarchal relations and tribal-clan religious cults have survived among the Nuer. The basic social unit is the large patriarchal family. The Nuer engage in distant-pasture livestock raising (cattle) and hoe farming (millet, corn, garden crops, and tobacco); a small number of Nuer work in enterprises of the lumber industry and on state plantations.


Nuer

 

the language of the Nuer. It is spoken in southern Sudan and extreme western Ethiopia, where it is called Abbigar. Nuer is spoken by about 700,000 persons (1970, estimate). Nuer belongs to the Nilotic language group. There are two dialect groups, Nuer proper and Atwot. Phonetic features include pharyngealized vowels and a system of three tones.

Nuer is an inflected language. The means of expressing grammatical meanings include internal consonantal, vocalic, and tonal inflection of the stem, prefixation, and to a lesser degree, postfixation. There are two main cases, nominative and genitive. Accusative and locative meanings are sometimes expressed formally. The word order is verb-subject-object, with postpositive attributive. Possession is expressed by combination of the construct form of the possessed with the genitive of the possessor. Nuer is a written language and is used to a limited extent as a language of the school and administration.

REFERENCES

Crazzolara, J. P. Outlines of a Nuer Grammar. Vienna, 1933.
Kiggen, J. Nuer-English Dictionary. Mill Hill, 1948.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to reports on ground, the Lou Nuer assisted by rebel groups managed to massacre the few remaining civilians of Anyuak minority group in Akobo town," said Barnabas Okony, a member of parliament from the Anyuak community.
The African Union investigators, led by former Nigerian president Olusegun Obasanjo, found that the conflict began with a skirmish between members of the presidential guard in the capital Juba, followed by the governmentorganised killings of ethnic Nuer civilians and soldiers.
The African Union investigators found the conflict began between members of the presidential guard in Juba, followed by the government-organised killings of ethnic Nuer civilians and soldiers.
A mother holds her child during Mass March 23 in a United Nations camp for internally displaced Nuer families in Juba, South Sudan.
KUWAIT, Feb 1 (KUNA) -- Wild plants, especially the nuer flowers, are blooming heavily on the roadsides, sand squares and desert in the various regions of the State of Kuwait.
Summary: Army in Sudan disarms 54 fighters from Nuer tribe, and expels those who refused to turn over their weapons back to South Sudan.
000 miliciens, n'etaient capables de defendre les civils dans l'Etat de Jonglei, secoue par de nouveaux combats entre les Lou Nuer et les Murle reprenant de plus belle il y a environ deux semaines.
Some 400 men from the Murle ethnic group attacked the Lou Nuer villages on Wednesday, said Simon Hoth, a county commissioner in Jonglei state, the site of devastating violence the last three weeks.
000 jeunes hommes armes de la tribu des Lou Nuer ont marche ces derniers jours sur Pibor, village recule de la province de Jonglei peuple de Murle.
AaMajor General Kuol Diem Kuol, spokesman of the Southern Sudanese military forces, said Lou Nuer tribesman attacked the village of Duk-Padiet in Jonglei state on Sunday killing around 80 people, including 61 civilians.
The question got stuck in my mind when, looking into another topic (what Jeffrey Blustein passingly refers to as "monstrous moral principles"[1]), I remembered reading about the Nuer.