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a city (since 1961); center of Oktiabr’skii Raion, Tatar ASSR. Situated on the Kondurcha River (Volga basin). Railroad station on the Ul’ianovsk-Cheliabinsk line, 268 km southeast of Kazan. Population, 18,000 (1974). Nurlat has a sugar refinery, mixed-feed and machinery-repair plants, a meatpacking plant, and a butter and dairy combine.