Nut Crops

Nut Crops

 

tree species that yield fruits known by the economic designation of “nuts.” The fruits have a dry, woody shell, which encloses an edible and nourishing kernel. Nut crops include species of the following families: Juglandaceae (English walnut and pecan), Betulaceae (filbert and European hazel), Rosaceae (almond), Pinaceae (Siberian stone pine), and Anacar-diaceae (pistachio). The kernels are rich in fats (42.8–77 percent) and proteins (up to 22 percent). The European chestnut and water chestnut have little fat but a great deal of carbohydrate (more than 50 percent). The caloric value of nuts is higher than that of bread, fish, or meat and almost equals that of butter. Almost all nut crops grow wild on large areas. They are cultivated in the USSR in several regions, including the Caucasus and Middle Asia. They occupy only 4 percent of the area planted with orchard trees.

References in periodicals archive ?
With our high-quality sensors, we can provide advanced reporting that is especially well suited to high value, moderate acreage fruit, vegetable, and nut crops.
Project Description: The main goal of the project is a restoration of the forest ecosystems with genetic resources of fruit and nut crops in Sarikhosor Jamoat.
Many fruit and nut crops could not be produced unless they were pollinated by bees.
The soaring value of California's nut crops is attracting a new breed of thieves who have been making off with the pricey commodities by the truckload, recalling images of cattle rustlers of bygone days.
This opportunity to convert prune bearing acreage to higher value nut crops is stimulating the decline in prune bearing acreage.
In the early 1960s, they made the decision to plant walnut and prune orchards as a means of financially supporting the community and since then the monks have been harvesting their fruit and nut crops every year.
It's considered a weed in Asia, and I think it has the potential to become problematic in fruit and nut crops," Bryson says.
Winter chill, a vital climatic trigger for many tree crops, is likely to decrease by more than 50% during this century as global climate warms, making California no longer suitable for growing many fruit and nut crops, maintain researchers from the University of California, Davis.
Some of the crops dependent on bee pollination include carrots, cucumbers, broccoli, onions, tomatoes, zucchini, pumpkins, squash, apples, pears, avocados, watermelons, cantaloupe, blueberries, raspberries, strawberries, cherries, citrus, and seed and nut crops.
Without bees pollinating fruit, vegetable and nut crops, the human diet would become extremely limited.
Chapters on 29 fruit and nut crops provide information in a standard format, with sections on taxonomy, origin and history, production, botanical description, soil and climate, harvesting, and post-harvest handling.
Vegetable crop value in the county decreased by $24,245,000, and the value of fruit and nut crops fell by $88,262,000.