Following the Politburo decree, Dzerzhinsky submitted to the Politburo (within the required two-week period) his OGPU report About Anti-Soviet Groupings among the Intelligentsia, which identified a wide range of "anti-Soviet activities in professional organizations, universities, scientific societies, administrative conferences, and in trusts, cooperatives, and trade organizations.
The OGPU, the personnel administrations of the Ministry of Higher Education, and the political department of the state publishing office were to carry out these checks.
A commission composed of a Politburo member (Lev Kamenev), a ranking OGPU official (Iosif Unshlikht), and a high official of the revolutionary-military tribunal (Dmitry Kursky) was to do the final review of the list of leaders of hostile intellectual groups to be punished and the list of publishing operations to be closed.
Munzenberg was no romantic revolutionary; he was an old Bolshevik to the core, and he would have scorned the idea of personal martyrdom, yet the fact that he did not try to escape to Britain or America gives the lie to Koch's view that he was merely a stalking-horse of Stalin and the OGPU
10] According to an OGPU report, the local sel'sovet told peasants that they had twenty-four hours to turn over their grain.
According to an OGPU report, the Veriaevo priest had played an active role in the unrest, shouting, "stand up for the orthodox faith
25] According to an OGPU report, on the night of 25 February, a group "kulaks" from Gridino, Vyskoe, Veriaevo, Pavlovka, Rusalovka, and Nesterovo supposedly met secretly to plan an uprising.
There were earnest advocates of the humane killing of cattle who looked up at the massive headquarters of the OGPU
with tears of gratitude in their eyes, earnest advocates of proportional representation who eagerly assented when the necessity for a Dictatorship of the Proletariat was explained to them, earnest clergymen who walked reverently through anti-God museums and reverently turned the pages of atheistic literature, earnest pacifists who watched delightedly tanks rattle across the Red Square and bombing planes darken the sky, earnest town planning specialists who stood outside overcrowded ramshackle tenements and muttered: "If only we had something like this in England
Among the most interesting archival sources on which Viola draws in chapters 4 and 5 is an OGPU (secret police) memorandum on "forms of class war in the countryside in 1930" which covers both "terrorist acts" committed by individuals (murder, assault, arson) and collective disturbances (protests, riots, armed uprisings).
If, for example, as the OGPU figures cited by Viola imply, the Muslim peasants of Central Asia were much more likely than Russian peasants to murder collectivization officials and activists, but much less likely to resort to arson, these are differences that deserve discussion and explanation.
Koiki valiskaubanduslikke operatsioone ja valismaal loodud segaaktsiaseltside tegevust kontrollisid omakorda Tooliste-Talupoegade Inspektsiooni Rahvakomissariaat, OGPU
juhtkond ning majandusosakond.
2003: The economy of the OGPU
, NKVD and MVD of the USSR, 1930-1953: The scale.