Oaxaca

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Oaxaca

(wähä`kä), state (1990 pop. 3,019,560), 36,375 sq mi (94,211 sq km), S Mexico, on the Pacific Ocean and its arm, the Gulf of Tehuantepec. OaxacaOaxaca,
city (1990 pop. 212,818), capital of Oaxaca state, S Mexico. The city is officially called Oaxaca de Juárez. Situated in a valley encircled by low mountains, Oaxaca is a commercial and tourist center with gardens and many examples of colonial church architecture.
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 is the capital. The northern part of the state is dominated by the Sierra de Oaxaca; there are deep tortuous valleys in the south and broad, open semiarid valleys and plateaus in the north. Except on the west and the north, the periphery of the state is tropical, the interior generally temperate.

Fertile valleys make agriculture the principal economic activity. Sugarcane, coffee (of which Oaxaca is a leading national producer), tobacco, cereals, and tropical and semitropical fruits are grown; livestock is raised. Oaxaca's mineral deposits remain largely unexploited. The state's limited industrial activity centers around oil refining, beverage and paper manufacturing, and sugar and flour milling. Oaxaca is also known for its handicrafts, especially handwoven textiles, pottery, and leather goods. Despite the existence of several highways, inadequate communications remain the chief barrier to the state's industrialization.

There are famous archaeological sites at MitlaMitla
[Nahuatl,=abode of the dead], religious center of the Zapotec, near Oaxaca, SW Mexico. Probably built in the 13th cent., the buildings, unlike the pyramidal structures of most Middle American architecture, are low, horizontal masses enclosing the plazas.
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 and Monte AlbánMonte Albán
, ancient city, c.7 mi (11.3 km) from Oaxaca, SW Mexico, capital of the Zapotec. Monte Albán was built on an artificially leveled, rocky promontory above the Valley of Oaxaca.
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. Indigenous peoples predominate here, as in few other states, with MixtecsMixtec
, Native American people of Oaxaca, Puebla, and part of Guerrero, SW Mexico, one of the most important groups in Mexico. Although the Mixtec codices constitute the largest collection of pre-Columbian manuscripts in existence, their origin is obscure.
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 dominating in the highlands and ZapotecsZapotec
, indigenous people of Mexico, primarily in S Oaxaca and on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. Little is known of the origin of the Zapotec. Unlike most native peoples of Middle America, they had no traditions or legends of migration, but believed themselves to have been born
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 elsewhere. Beach resorts are under development at Huatulco Bays and other locales along the southern coast, which should increase the already important contribution of tourism to the state's economy. Porfirio DíazDíaz, Porfirio
, 1830–1915, Mexican statesman, a mestizo, christened José de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz. He gained prominence by supporting Benito Juárez and the liberals in the War of the Reform and in the war against Emperor Maximilian and the
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 and Benito JuárezJuárez, Benito
, 1806–72, Mexican liberal statesman and national hero. Revered by Mexicans as one of their greatest political figures, Juárez, with great moral courage and honesty, upheld the civil law and opposed the privileges of the clericals and the army.
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 were born here.


Oaxaca,

city (1990 pop. 212,818), capital of OaxacaOaxaca
, state (1990 pop. 3,019,560), 36,375 sq mi (94,211 sq km), S Mexico, on the Pacific Ocean and its arm, the Gulf of Tehuantepec. Oaxaca is the capital. The northern part of the state is dominated by the Sierra de Oaxaca; there are deep tortuous valleys in the south and
..... Click the link for more information.
 state, S Mexico. The city is officially called Oaxaca de Juárez. Situated in a valley encircled by low mountains, Oaxaca is a commercial and tourist center with gardens and many examples of colonial church architecture. The church and monastery of Santo Domingo de Guzmán is a national monument. Oaxaca is noted for hand-wrought gold and silver filigree, pottery, and sarapes that rank among the finest in Mexico. The city has two museums that feature pre-Hispanic art and a contemporary art museum, and the ancient ZapotecZapotec
, indigenous people of Mexico, primarily in S Oaxaca and on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. Little is known of the origin of the Zapotec. Unlike most native peoples of Middle America, they had no traditions or legends of migration, but believed themselves to have been born
..... Click the link for more information.
 capital of Monte AlbánMonte Albán
, ancient city, c.7 mi (11.3 km) from Oaxaca, SW Mexico, capital of the Zapotec. Monte Albán was built on an artificially leveled, rocky promontory above the Valley of Oaxaca.
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 is nearby. There is an annual festival that celebrates indigenous culture. The chief city of S Mexico, Oaxaca is linked with the federal capital by rail and the Inter-American Highway. The city is subject to severe earthquakes.

According to Aztec tradition, Oaxaca was founded as Huasyacac in 1486, during the brief ascendancy of the Aztecs over the Mixtecs and Zapotecs; the present city was laid out by Spanish conquerors in 1529. Prominent in the Mexican revolution against Spain, the city also joined in the War of the Reform and in resistance to the French intervention. Both Benito JuárezJuárez, Benito
, 1806–72, Mexican liberal statesman and national hero. Revered by Mexicans as one of their greatest political figures, Juárez, with great moral courage and honesty, upheld the civil law and opposed the privileges of the clericals and the army.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and Porfirio DíazDíaz, Porfirio
, 1830–1915, Mexican statesman, a mestizo, christened José de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz. He gained prominence by supporting Benito Juárez and the liberals in the War of the Reform and in the war against Emperor Maximilian and the
..... Click the link for more information.
 were born in Oaxaca in the 1800s. During May–Nov., 2006, the city was torn by a bitter protest against Oaxaca state's governor by teachers, leftists, and others and a heavy-handed state response; in October, federal police intervened with force to restore order to the central city.

Oaxaca

 

a state in southern Mexico, located chiefly in the Sierra Madre del Sur. Area, 95,400 sq km. Population, 2,015,000 (1970). Its administrative center is Oaxaca.

Oaxaca is one of Mexico’s most backward states. The slash-and-burn method of agriculture is widely used, and corn and beans are the main crops. Tropical fruit is cultivated on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, and titanium ore is mined near Puerto Angel. There are canneries in Loma Bonita and a paper-and-pulp factory in Tuxtepec.


Oaxaca

 

a city in southern Mexico, in the Atoyac Valley. It is the administrative center of the state of Oaxaca. Population 117,000 (1970). The city is a transportation junction and a major commercial center. It has a food-processing industry and cottage industries producing pottery and leather articles.

Oaxaca

1. a state of S Mexico, on the Pacific: includes most of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec; inhabited chiefly by Indians. Capital: Oaxaca de Ju?rez. Pop.: 3 432 180 (2000). Area: 95 363 sq. km (36 820 sq. miles)
2. a city in S Mexico, capital of Oaxaca state: founded in 1486 by the Aztecs and conquered by Spain in 1521. Pop.: 483 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Despite the arrests, the Oaxaca state government has come under heavy criticism for failing to do more to prevent the massacre, despite receiving several warnings of imminent violence by municipal authorities in the area.
But Oaxaca state authorities said on Monday that investigators have no leads despite scouring the train route in the region.
Oaxaca state governor Ulises Ruiz said 600 people may have been killed but other sources believe up to 1,000 may have died.
Oaxaca state Civil Protection operations coordinator Luis Marin said 100 people were confirmed missing, but Oaxaca Governor Ulises Ruiz told the Televisa television network 500 to 1,000 people could be buried.
Heavy rains in mountainous Oaxaca state brought a giant swathe of earth down on homes in Santa Maria Tlahuitoltepec, a town of about 9,000 people, between three and 4am on Tuesday.
The earthquake was centered near the city of Tlaxiaco in Oaxaca state, in southern Mexico, near the Pacific Ocean.
From June through November 2006, a pluralistic social movement interrupted the usual functions of the Oaxaca state government.
It's not a military submarine, it's ten meters long and from what we know they're made in the Colombian jungle to carry drugs," said navy spokesman Captain Benjamin Mar after the vessel was intercepted 15 kilometres off the coast of Oaxaca state.
The protests first started in May 2006 as a teachers' strike which grew into more widespread unrest against the Oaxaca state government which adversely affected tourism in the city.
Henestresa was born in southern Oaxaca state and did not learn Spanish until 1922, at age 16.
Andres Henestrosa Morales, a prolific poet, essayist and journalist whose lyrical writings helped raise the cultural profile of Mexico's indigenous people, particularly the Zapotec Indians of southern Oaxaca state, died at the age of 101, last Thursday, at his Mexico City home after a months long battle with pneumonia.
The protests began in May as a teachers' strike but have grown into more widespread unrest against the Oaxaca state government.