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Oberlin College,at Oberlin, Ohio; coeducational; opened 1833 as Oberlin Collegiate Institute, became Oberlin College in 1850. It includes a college of arts and sciences and a well-known conservatory of music. One of the first colleges to have coeducational classes, Oberlin College was also a center of abolitionism. The early faculty was made up largely of New England Congregationalists, and Oberlin Theology is a modified form of Calvinism emphasizing the doctrine of free will (see Finney, Charles GrandisonFinney, Charles Grandison,
1792–1875, American evangelist, theologian, and educator, b. Warren, Conn. Licensed to the Presbyterian ministry in 1824, he had phenomenal success as a revivalist in the Eastern states, converting many who became noted abolitionists.
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first college to admit Negroes and to give women degrees. [Am. Hist.: Hart, 612]