observer

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observer

[əb′zər·vər]
(control systems)
A linear system B driven by the inputs and outputs of another linear system A which produces an output that converges to some linear function of the state of system A. Also known as state estimator; state observer.
References in periodicals archive ?
But all that was as true of the "often lackadaisical conventual inquisitor" as of the newly professionalized Observant.
The development of the reformed Observant Congregation of Lombardy, appointing inquisitors of wider experience and education--changing from "deferential courtiers to dogged constables" (210)--was the catalyst for more dire persecutions, as diabolic aspects became more widely suspected.
41) The Capuchins were created in Italy in 1525, as a third branch of the Franciscan order that already included Observants and Conventuals, differing from each other as regards the ideal of poverty.
Poggio regarded the Observants as greedy and hypocritical, and he was particularly critical of Bernardino for introducing the devotional cult of the Holy Name of Jesus.
The author treats the entire sweep of Servite history, including the 15th century conflict between Observants and Conventuals, without revealing anything about the order's distinct character and mission, essential information to make sense of its internal existence and troubles.
They featured in the Franciscan Observants, the favourite reforming movement of Henry VII as of many of his contemporaries on the thrones of Europe.
This was a sermon preached primarily against that intractable papist friar John Forest of the Observants of Greenwich.
An ethnic list called Shas, which stands for Association of Sephardi Observants of the Torah, won six seats in 1992.
0 million observants, we randomly draw a large enough sample from each ethnic/racial group to obtain a precise estimate of its self-employment rate and average earnings in self-employment and wage/salary work.
for the now numerous order; but administrative struggles over the conviction of some that the order should be permitted to own the buildings it used and other necessaries eventually split the order (1415) into the Conventuals, following the modified rules, and the more traditional Observants.
46) In response, Observants set up their own networks, usually regional, a determined grouping of the like-minded within or alongside or eventually outside an inherited order.
institutions sanitaires, les patients ne sont pas moins observants dans