Obstetric Care

Obstetric Care

 

in the USSR, measures taken to protect the health of women during pregnancy, childbirth, and puerperium. Obstetric care in the USSR and other socialist countries is an important aspect of maternal and infant protection and is carried out together with prenatal care of the fetus. The development of obstetric care is closely related to advances in obstetrics, gynecology, and pediatrics.

In prerevolutionary Russia no state system existed to protect the health of mothers and newborns. In 1912 there were only 7,500 hospital beds for pregnant women and puerperae, and in what is now the Armenian SSR, Tadzhik SSR, and Moldavian SSR there was not a single obstetric bed. Only 5 percent of all puerperae received medical care, and only nine consultation clinics for women and children were in operation. More than 30,000 women died in childbirth annually. Infant mortality was extremely high, with 269 children out of 1,000 dying in the first year of life (1913).

Prevention is the basis of obstetric care in the USSR. A vast network of special medical facilities has been established. In 1973 there were 224,000 beds for pregnant women and puerperae, and more than 22,000 consultation clinics for women and children were in operation. In 1974 there were 47,100 obstetricians and gynecologists and 91,500 pediatricians. Infant mortality in 1973 was 23 per thousand births. The establishment in 1948 of maternity hospitals with gynecologic consultation clinics led to further improvement in the quality of obstetric and gynecologic care.

Obstetric care in other socialist countries is similar to that in the USSR. No similar system exists in capitalist countries, where childbirth, as a rule, takes place in paid medical establishments, at home, or in the obstetrics department of a hospital.

REFERENCES

Rein, G. E. Rodovspomozhenie v Rossii. St. Petersburg, 1906.
Levi, M. F. Istoriia rodovspomozheniia v SSSR. Moscow, 1950.
Petrovskii, B. V. “Dostizheniia v okhrane zdorov’ia zhenshchin i detei za 50 let SSSR.” Vestnik AMN SSSR, 1973, no.6.

L. S. PERSIANINOV

References in periodicals archive ?
In many locations around the world, pregnant women without access to high-quality health care and emergency obstetric care are at risk for obstetric fistula.
The project seeks to increase the coverage of quality emergency obstetric care, newborn and child health services, and high impact nutrition interventions to all ten regions, benefitting more than 75,000 pregnant women, 130,000 mothers and 390,000 children and youth.
1-4] The latter were exclusively conducted in developed countries, where obstetric care at peripheral referring hospitals is much improved compared with that in developing countries.
Living within 10 kilometers of a facility offering basic or comprehensive emergency obstetric care was positively associated with institutional delivery (odds ratios, 1.
A way to reduce these deaths rapidly is by improving emergency obstetric care.
The greater the deprivation the higher the probability of poorer health, which makes it more important to have access to high-quality antenatal and obstetric care,' said Jones.
Obstetric fistula is a preventable and treatable childbirth injury that results from prolonged, obstructed labour particularly in poor, rural areas where emergency obstetric care is too distant or simply unavailable.
Jointly issued by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine and published in Obstetrics & Gynecology, the new Obstetric Care Consensus guideline calls for allowing most women with low-risk pregnancies to spend more time in the first stage of labor.
In addition to providing emergency obstetric care to women, including for rural women who come to Kabul because of medical complications, Dr.
Remove user fees for all maternal, newborn and child health services, including emergency obstetric care
The Spanish Embassy said last week the construction of the new ward, as well as furnishing the required medical equipment, follow the first part of the project which entailed the training of doctors, nurses and midwives in Emergency Obstetric Care, the purchase of a minibus for the Faculty of Medical Science at UNAM and three ambulances for the Opuwo State Hospital.
Other common search terms were colonoscopy, obstetric care, and orthopedic surgery.