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(ŏd`ĭsē): see HomerHomer,
principal figure of ancient Greek literature; the first European poet. Works, Life, and Legends

Two epic poems are attributed to Homer, the Iliad and the Odyssey.
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a poem about the travels of Odysseus), an ancient Greek epic poem which, together with the Iliad, has been attributed to Homer.

The poem was completed somewhat later than the Iliad, which it complements but of which it is not a direct continuation. Like the Iliad, the Odyssey was written in hexameter. Later, it was divided by classical bookmakers into 24 books. In contrast to the Iliad, with its heroic themes, the Odyssey contains material drawn primarily from everyday life and fables. The hero is a composite of intellectual and moral qualities. In world folklore a widely encountered hero is the husband who returns to his homeland unrecognized after long years of wandering and arrives on the day of his wife’s remarriage. In the Odyssey, this popular heroic theme is embodied in Odysseus, a participant in the Trojan campaign. Interwoven with this theme is part of another: a son’s search for his father. The sociopolitical and ideological processes of the establishment of a slaveholding society and state in Greece were reflected even in early versions of the Odyssey.

In antiquity, the Odyssey was less highly valued than the Iliad, although both were used as basic educational texts. Both the Odyssey and the Iliad provided Goethe, F. Schiller, and W. Humboldt with material for their theories of the epic. The first Russian prose translations of the Odyssey were completed at the end of the 18th century. V. A. Zhukovskii finished the first Russian verse translation of the work in 1849. The standard modern translation in verse was done by V. V. Veresaev (published posthumously, 1953).


Homeri carmina, part 2: Homeri Odyssea, vols. 1–2. Translated by A. Ludwich. Leipzig, 1889–91.
The Odyssey of Homer, 2nd ed., vols. 1–2. Edited by W. B. Stanford. London-New York, 1959. (With commentary.)
In Russian translation:
Gomer, Odisseia. Moscow, 1953.


Egunov, A. N. Gomer v russkikh perevodakh XVIII-XIX vv. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
Merkelbach, R. Untersuchungen zur Odyssee. Munich, 1951.
Page, D. L. The Homeric Odyssey. Oxford, 1955.
Stanford, W. B. The Ulysses Theme. 2nd ed. Oxford, 1963.
Finley, M. I. The World of Odysseus. New York, 1965.


Homer’s long, narrative poem centered on Odysseus. [Gk. Lit.: Odyssey]
See: Epic


concerning Odysseus’s difficulties in getting home after war. [Gk. Myth.: Odyssey]
References in periodicals archive ?
2) Odyssean forward guidance consists of central bankers' statements that bind them to future courses of action.
As a result, the equation captures risk management considerations emphasized in recent discussions: Campbell and others (2012) consider the role of thresholds for economic activity or inflation in determining exit from the ELB in their discussion of Odyssean forward guidance and risk management, and the rule implies thresholds of output equal to potential (or, equivalently, an unemployment rate threshold at the natural rate).
20) Tarkow (1981) and Goff (1991) provide sustained readings of the scar as an Odyssean critique of Orestes's prolonged youth, although other scholars have discussed it similarly; for which, see Denniston, on Electro (1939, 573-74); Matthiessen (1964, 123-24); Aelion (1983, 1.
Instead, what can be seen in Africanus's envoi is an agenda, a suggestion of context in which his Odyssean passage should be understood, namely, the tradition of Homeric textual criticism.
What began as a scholarly exercise became simultaneously an Odyssean venture in self-understanding, driven by an intense, existential need to make sense of my own life as a Muslim woman.
The husband's new habiliment or rather dis-investiture is a beggarly Odyssean disguise procured from a used clothes peddler, topped with a burlesque wig of reddish hair, a fool's cap of sorts.
The poet's wit which made it possible for him to survive the confinement, underscores Odyssean mental capability which saved him from the hardship he passed through.
To deploy the modernist idiom in Part 3, "Starlight Order," Jones uses the mythical method to frame trench warfare as an Odyssean harrowing of Hades.
Based upon his childhood memories in North Korea, a stay in the United States in the 1970s, and a trip to Russia in the early 1990s, Choi embarks on an Odyssean voyage to the twentieth-century world history.
Given that his mother's identity is a mystery, a return to the "Motherland" is futile and it is only in accordance with the Odyssean paradigm that one may understand that the return to Penelope is replaced here by a return to an eroticized female landscape.
As a simulator or a conjurer, he can become an African savage, an animal, or even an ascending Christ (to which the empty tomb may profanely refer) or a Houdini (who masters the art of mysterious escape); he is enacting the romance of the Middle East where in 1917 the Arab Revolt and Lawrence of Arabia made headlines (Mayer 187); he is duplicating Tristan Corbiere's "Epitaphe," from the opening line of which he takes the poem's title (Grover Smith 35); he is mimicking the African adventure and the mysterious oblivion of Arthur Rimbaud (Jeffreys 397; Grover Smith 35); or he is translating an Odyssean paradigm of wandering, characterized by polymorphic turns of the character and the situation.