Office of Strategic Services

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Office of Strategic Services

(OSS), U.S. agency created (1942) during World War II under the jurisdiction of the Joint Chiefs of Staff for the purpose of obtaining information about enemy nations and of sabotaging their war potential and morale. Headed by William J. DonovanDonovan, William Joseph
, 1883–1959, U.S. lawyer and government official, b. Buffalo, N.Y., grad. Columbia law school. Distinguished service in World War I won him medals and the nickname Wild Bill Donovan.
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, the OSS comprised personnel from all the branches of the armed forces as well as civilians. Although the "cloak and dagger" section gained the most publicity after the war, some of the most valuable work was done by the research and analysis section. Behind enemy lines, the OSS acted as a liaison with the underground in Nazi-occupied countries. The OSS was disbanded in 1945. Later many of its functions were assumed by the Central Intelligence AgencyCentral Intelligence Agency
(CIA), independent executive bureau of the U.S. government established by the National Security Act of 1947, replacing the wartime Office of Strategic Services (1942–45), the first U.S. espionage and covert operations agency.
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See S. Alsop and T. Bradon, Sub Rosa: The O.S.S. and American Espionage (1946, repr. 1964); R. H. Smith, OSS (1972).

References in periodicals archive ?
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THE STORY: World War Two is looming as Yale poetry student Edward Wilson (Damon) is courted by the FBI, a secret society called Skull and Bones and the Office of Strategic Services, which becomes the CIA.
The Mission" was based on his experiences while stationed in Burma, where he worked in military intelligence for the Office of Strategic Services during World War II.
Office of Strategic Services, the predecessor of the Central Intelligence Agency, were declassified in 2001 and found by Tetsuro Kato, professor of politics at Hitotsubashi University, at the U.
The Green Berets patterned themselves after the clandestine and guerrilla forces that operated during World War II, such as the commandos of the Office of Strategic Services (forerunner of today's CIA) who conducted missions behind enemy lines and fomented insurgencies in places like Greece after the war.
The roots of professional analysis date to General William Donovan's appointment as coordinator of information and, later, as the director of the Office of Strategic Services by President Roosevelt.
She worked with the Office of Strategic Services in China and Ceylon during World War II, where she met future husband Paul Child, whose career in foreign service brought her to, among other spots, Norway; Germany; Washington, D.
When World War II began, she joined the Office of Strategic Services, the forerunner of the CIA.
Office of Strategic Services Maritime Unit (OSS-MU) operator wearing the Lambertsen Amphibious Respiratory Unit (LARU) during training.
Claiming to be the first agent level history of the famed Office of Strategic Services, Operatives, Spies, and Saboteurs is created from interviews with more than 300 surviving OSS agents and supporting declassified documents at the National Archives.
They honeycombed the State Department and the Office of Strategic Services.
Agents of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), the forerunner of the CIA, found the loot in the Philippines, which was later inspected by General MacArthur himself and senior U.

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