Official


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Official

 

in Soviet law, a person who functions as a representative of authority. An official may exercise his functions permanently or temporarily, be appointed or elected, and may or may not be paid for his services. The term official, with the same qualifications as above, also applies to persons who hold posts connected with the fulfillment of organizational-executive or administrative-economic duties in state or public institutions, organizations, or enterprises or who fulfill such duties in the aforementioned institutions, organizations, or enterprises by special authorization. (See note to art. 170 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR.) The concept of official is used in many branches of Soviet law and has an identical meaning in all of them. Officials are the subject of a special section in Soviet criminal law dealing with so-called official crimes.

References in classic literature ?
Delighted to see the various ministers constantly struggling against the four hundred petty minds of the Elected of the Chamber, with their ten or a dozen ambitious and dishonest leaders, the Civil Service officials hastened to make themselves essential to the warfare by adding their quota of assistance under the form of written action; they created a power of inertia and named it "Report.
In fastening upon public offices, like a mistletoe on a pear-tree, these officials indemnified themselves amply, and in the following manner.
In this way, the State would receive without cost or vexatious hindrances an enormous revenue under three forms; namely, a duty on wine, on the cultivation of vineyards, and on licenses, where now an irritating array of taxes existed as a burden on itself and its officials.
I've seen that before," muttered the official to Raskolnikov and Lebeziatnikov; "that's consumption; the blood flows and chokes the patient.
Raskolnikov, Lebeziatnikov, and the official accompanied Sonia into the room and were followed by the policeman, who first drove back the crowd which followed to the very door.
All the officials sitting on the further side under the portrait of the Tsar and the eagle, delighted at any distraction, looked round at the door; but the doorkeeper standing at the door at once drove out the intruder, and closed the glass door after him.
The official could have set a lot of bells ringing all over the building without leaving his chair.
One cannot always answer for the discretion of inferior officials.
The question may have been, in the course of official business, referred to the Circumlocution Department for its consideration.
May I inquire how I can obtain official information as to the real state of the case?
The officials began to laugh when they heard the Sultan's command, but as soon as they could speak they said, "Deign, your highness, to excuse our mirth, but those lines were not written by a man but by a monkey.
The Sultan's officials returned to the ship and showed the royal order to the captain.