Official Crimes

Official Crimes

 

in Soviet criminal law, criminal acts committed by persons in official positions who use their positions to encroach upon the normal activity of the Soviet state of public apparatus. This category of crimes is grouped in a separate chapter in the criminal codes of the Union republics (for example, chapter 7 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR).

A crime is considered an official crime if it is an act committed by an official using his official position contrary to the interests of the office and thereby violating state and public interests or the legally protected rights and interests of citizens; grave consequences resulting from the commission of an official crime increase the liability. Official crimes are classed as general, that is, committed in any branch of administration or the national economy, and special. Among general official crimes are abuse of authority or official position, exceeding authority or official powers, neglect of duty, bribe-taking, and official forgery of documents. Special official crimes are usually committed in some particular area, such as industry, commerce, or legal activity, and include the production of poor-quality, below-standard, or incomplete products and the judicial rendering of a verdict, decision, ruling, or decree known to be unjust. These crimes are covered by other chapters of the criminal codes.

References in periodicals archive ?
Jeenbekov and Joldubayeva also discussed unlawful suspension and termination of probes into official crimes, such as corruption and embezzlement of state and municipal property.
Bogus official crimes, or distraction burglaries, are regarded as particularly nasty offences as in most cases the victims are elderly.
Fight against official crimes, prevention and solution of corruption related crimes are among priority areas in work of the Interior Ministry," he said.
They explained that the commencing of the trial of al-Awlaki in absentia now despite the passage of a period of time since the US announcement that it has commissioned the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to arrest or assassinate him, and that it has placed him on the blacklist, and also linking him to the US Major who opened fire randomly and killed at least 13 people in Fort Hood in Texas last year "was because the Yemeni side only recently received the report about al-Awlaki's official crimes and charges.
But what possible excuse can there be for not recording these incidents as official crimes.
Observing that information about the larger criminal schemes did not often come from "orthodox" sources, OBKhSS leaders argued that informants should be drawn from among actual speculators, thieves of state property, and employees accused of official crimes.
It is being considered as part of a drive to smash distraction burglaries and bogus official crimes in Redcar and Cleveland which rise as the nights become darker.
As such, officials exposed themselves to charges of embezzlement (rastrata), vziatochnichestvo (bribery), spekuliatsiia (speculation), zloupotreblenie sluzhebnym polozheniem (abuse of office), and other official crimes.
The number of bogus official crimes, where thieves pose as council and utilities staff to gain access to homes, has fallen dramatically in the West Midlands over the last two months.
Special attention was to be given to the battle against official crimes and all the "dark sides" of village life.
Chile, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico and Peru are all grappling with movements toward political pluralism, amnesty for paramilitaries and accounting for recent official crimes, but Fujimori remains committed to strongman politics, controlling the armed forces and the media.
As a matter of equity, white-collar corporate and official crimes should not be excused but, rather, should be punished like common crimes--proportional to the harm done.