Okulova, Glafira

Okulova, Glafira Ivanovna


(married name Teodoro-vich, party name Zaichik). Born Apr. 23 (May 5), 1878, in the village of Shoshino, in what is now Minusinsk Raion, Kras-noiarsk Krai; died Oct. 19, 1957, in Moscow. Participant in the revolutionary movement in Russia. Member of the Communist Party from 1899.

The daughter of a gold industrialist, Okulova attended pedagogical courses in Moscow. In 1896 she was arrested for taking part in a student demonstration and was exiled to Enisei Province. In 1899 she began propagandizing for the Social Democratic party in the workers’ circles of Kiev. From 1900 to 1902 she was a member of the Ivanovo-Voznesensk committee of the RSDLP and worked as a representative of the newspaper Iskra in Samara and Moscow. In 1902, Okulova was co-opted into the organizational committee for the convocation of the second congress of the RSDLP; she was arrested and exiled to Yakut Oblast. She conducted party work in St. Petersburg from 1905 to 1908, and in 1911 she followed her husband, I. A. Teodoro-vich, to hard labor in Irkutsk Province.

After the February Revolution in 1917, Okulova was a member of the party’s Krasnoiarsk province committee and of the presidium of the province executive committee. From 1918 to 1920 she was a member of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee and its presidium; chief of the political department of the Eastern Front; and a member of the Revolutionary War Council of the First, Eighth, and Reserve armies. Later, Okulova was involved in political work on transport. From 1921 she engaged in party work and scholarly-pedagogical work, and in 1954 she was granted a special pension. Okulova was awarded the Order of Lenin.