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(olive), a genus of plants of the family Oleaceae. Of the approximately 60 known species, only the olive (Olea europaea) has commercial importance. It is a subtropical evergreen fruit-bearing tree that grows to 4-12 m. Its small lanceolate or oblong leaves, which are dark green above and silvery gray beneath, live for two or three years. The flowers are generally bisexual, small, and white; they are gathered in a panicle with eight to 40 flowers. The fruit (olive) is an oblong or round drupe, weighing up to 15 g. When ripe it is deep violet or blackish and often has a waxy coating.

Plants of the genus Olea withstand drought well for a fruit tree and can tolerate brief periods of frost at temperatures reaching 13°-18° below freezing. Olive trees .grow best on loose sandy or loamy soils that are rich in lime. Plants grown from seeds begin bearing fruit after ten to 12 years; those from cuttings bear fruit in the fourth or fifth season. The trees may live 300-400 years or longer. Olive productivity is 20-40 kg per tree.

Olives are pickled or canned (both green and ripe); they are also used for their oil (ripe olives contain 25-80 percent oil in the pulp). The oil that is first extracted from cold pressing is called virgin olive oil, the best varieties of which are named after the French region of Provence. These oils are used in cooking, canning, and the production of medicine. The oil extracted after the first cold pressing is obtained by heating and then pressing the sapwood and seeds; it is used in the manufacture of soap. The oil cake is fed to livestock, and the wood is used in woodworking.

Olive trees are an ancient culture that originated in the Middle East. They are cultivated between 45° and 37° N lat. The largest olive groves are in Spain, Italy, and Greece. In 1970, olive plantings in Spain covered 2.2 million hectares (ha); in Italy, 1.5 million ha; and in Greece, 500,000 ha. Olive trees have been cultivated in what is now the USSR since the 13th century. There are groves in the Crimea, Transcaucasia, the Turkmen SSR, and Krasnodar Krai. Of the 500 known varieties of Olea, approximately 80 are grown in the USSR. The best varieties include Agostino, Ascolano, Nikitskii II, Krymskii, and Azerbaijani. Olive trees are propagated from root offshoots, cuttings, layers, and grafts. Two- and three-year-old seedlings are planted in the spring. If a tree-size plant is anticipated, then each seedling is planted in a plot measuring 10 × 10 or 10 × 8 m; if shrubs are desired, a 6 × 6 m plot is used. Care for olive groves is similar to that for other subtropical fruit plants.


Zhigarevich, I. A. Kul’tura masliny. Moscow, 1955.
Gutiev, G. T. Subtropicheskie plodovye rasteniia. Moscow, 1958.
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Olea Medical, a Toshiba Medical Systems Group Company, is a provider of advanced MR and CT perfusion imaging post- processing, designs and markets a suite of innovative medical imaging applications, Olea Sphere, significantly improving diagnostic process and follow-up assessment.
Le da risa, dice, que se piense que detras de el esta Carrillo Olea, porque es un hombre no querido en Morelos.
We are very excited to be adding Olea Kiosk to our product offering, said WinTech Chief Technology Officer Mike Yoder.
Flores Olea aclara que el titulo de su libro se debe a la negacion y al abandono de los principios conductores, valores y formas originales tanto del paradigma capitalista-liberal como del socialista, y la incapacidad de ambos para propiciar un alto desarrollo humano.
En su ensayo Raquel Olea aborda la poesia de Mistral desde las diversas voces (o hablantes, o subjetividades) que se desplazan de una a otra: la escritora; la madre universal que a su vez es maestra para devenir en una "madre rara", que escondida en su secreto (en la certeza de poseer un secreto) vuelve a aparecer en el lenguaje del desvario.
Dr Olea will analyse methods of extracting eight chemicals from biomass.
Most of the material from the species Olea europaea is available in billets.
En cuanto a la peticion de extraditacion de Ye Gon por el gobierno mexicano a su contraparte estadounidense, Olea Pelaez indico que esta ya se hizo, por lo que Mexico cuenta con 60 dias para ofrecer pruebas y de ser consideradas suficientes, iniciar el proceso de extradicion, previo a una detencion provisional y un juicio de extradicion, movimientos que llevan cuando menos un ano.
No obstante, el texto de Olea deja muy claro que no solo los aficionados de la obra de Borges precisan descubrir la naturaleza apocrifa de este texto, sino tambien investigadores, traductores y escritores reconocidos, que han caido en la trampa de creer que el texto en realidad era de Borges, entre ellos, la escritora mexicana Elena Poniatowska y el traductor escoces Alastair Reid.
Victor Flores Olea, Tiempos de abandono y esperanza, Mexico, CEIICH-UNAM/Siglo XXI, Editores, 2004, 216 pp.
Closure options for the Cilindrica range include the new tamper-evident Olea cap, claimed to be the first plastic purpose-designed closure for olive oil and vinegar bottles.
Nearby stood school friend Amando Olea, 21, who, like several others, wore a white T-shirt with Flores' picture on it that read ``In Loving Memory of Ricky.