António de Oliveira Salazar

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Salazar, António de Oliveira


Born Apr. 28, 1889, in Santa Comba Dão, Beira Alta Province, Portugal; died July 27, 1970, in Lisbon. Portguese state figure.

Salazar graduated from a Jesuit school and then from the University of Coimbra, where he was an economics professor from 1917 to 1928. He was one of the founders of the Catholic Center Party (1918) and was elected a deputy to parliament from that party in 1921. For a few days in 1926, after the military coup, and again from 1928 to 1940 he was minister of finance; in 1930 he was also minister of colonies. From 1932 to 1968 he was prime minister and the de facto dictator of Portugal. He was also minister of war from 1936 to 1944 and minister of foreign affairs from 1936 to 1947. In 1930 he founded the fascist National Union Party and proposed a “unitary corporative republic.” He helped draft the 1933 constitution and the addendum to it—the Colonial Act—which gave final expression to the establishment of a corporative fascist state in Portugal. Beginning in 1968 he was no longer active in government because of ill health.

References in periodicals archive ?
Con su nombre de guerra: Pavel (referencia clara al coprotagonista de La madre, obra cumbre de Maximo Gorki), conquisto un lugar en la historia contemporanea de Portugal como lider del Partido Comunista Portugues y figura de referencia del movimiento obrero y de la resistencia al regimen fachista de Antonio Oliveira de Salazar.
Lo mismo sucedio con el Portugal de Oliveira de Salazar y con los movimientos fascistas o fascistoides de America Latina, unidos a las agrupaciones religiosas y cultivadores del discurso a favor de un catolicismo utilizado por una erratica e inepta Internacional Conservadora, como simbolo de la "identidad" de los paises ibericos.