Umar

(redirected from Omar bin Khattab)
Also found in: Dictionary.

Umar

(o͞omär`) or

Omar

(ō`mär), c.581–644, 2d caliph (see caliphatecaliphate
, the rulership of Islam; caliph , the spiritual head and temporal ruler of the Islamic state. In principle, Islam is theocratic: when Muhammad died, a caliph [Arab.,=successor] was chosen to rule in his place.
..... Click the link for more information.
). At first hostile to Islam, he was converted by 618, becoming an adviser to Muhammad. He succeeded Abu BakrAbu Bakr
, 573–634, 1st caliph, friend, father-in-law, and successor of Muhammad. He was probably Muhammad's first convert outside the Prophet's family and alone accompanied Muhammad on the Hegira.
..... Click the link for more information.
 as caliph without opposition in 634. In his reign Islam became an imperial power. The Muslim generals pushed conquests far and wide—into Syria, Egypt, and the Persian Empire. Umar also laid the administrative base of the empire, creating the office of kadi and establishing fixed taxes. He reopened the canals of Mesopotamia and the waterway from the Nile to the Red Sea. Umar was assassinated by a foreign slave. He had appointed a group to select his successor, and the choice fell on UthmanUthman
or Othman
, c.574–656, 3d caliph (644–56), also known as Uthman ibn al-Affan; son-in-law of Muhammad. He belonged to the great Umayyad family and was selected as caliph after the murder of Umar.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Omar

, Umar
died 644 ad, the second caliph of Islam (634--44). During his reign Islamic armies conquered Syria and Mesopotamia: murdered
References in periodicals archive ?
Muslims might argue that the only peace Jerusalem savoured was during the era of Caliph Omar Bin Khattab.
The 'Best Marketing Plan' and 'Most Innovative Product' went to team 'It's TickTock' from Al Salam Public School for Girls; 'Product with Social Impact' went to to team 'Wear It' from Omar bin Khattab Model School for Boys; and a special award went to team Ana Unico from Madar International School.
The show began with Her Highness Dr Sayyida Sharifa Khalid Al Said, consultant specialist of the Omar bin Khattab Institute for the Blind (visually impaired herself, yet one with a double post-graduate degree) relating the importance of such a social initiative.
Chennai, March 8 -- Tamil Nadu Governor Sujit Singh Barnala has said the Amir Mahal in Indo-Saraceic architectural style traced its lineage from the second Caliph of Islam, Hazareth Omar Bin Khattab.
Theophilos' predecessor, Ireneos II, was stripped of his authority by the Holy Synod of Jerusalem, the church's ruling body, in 2005 after another land lease, this one of the Omar Bin Khattab square just inside the Jaffa Gate of Jerusalem's Old City, came to light.
The grant will also enable the delivery of the new version of the Personal Economics program to 250 students during the 2009-2010 academic year at three independent public schools: Ruqaya Independent Preparatory School for Girls, Wakra Independent Preparatory School for Girls and Omar Bin Khattab Independent Preparatory School for Boys.
The grant will enable the delivery of the new version of the Personal Economics program to 250 students during the 2009-2010 academic year at Ruqaya Independent Preparatory School for Girls, Wakra Independent Preparatory School for Girls and Omar Bin Khattab Independent Preparatory School for Boys.
Persons claiming to be members of the Omar bin Khattab group have apparently kidnapped the official,' the ministry said in a statement.
Ahmed al-Tamimi, who attends Omar Bin Khattab Independent School for Boys in Qatar, said the QMEP helped clarify his career route.
And Moza Al Kindi, Deputy Director of the Omar bin Khattab Institute for the Blind, said: We thank PDO for their valuable support to open up this workshop at our premises.
Meanwhile, Al-Turki met with members of the Muslim community in New Zealand at the Omar bin Khattab Mosque.
Meanwhile, Ahle Sunnat wal Jamt, a radical Sunni group, organised a rally from Guru Mandir to Tibet Centre, the heart of the city, to commemorate the day of Omar Bin Khattab, the third caliph of Islam.