Umar

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Umar

(o͞omär`) or

Omar

(ō`mär), c.581–644, 2d caliph (see caliphatecaliphate
, the rulership of Islam; caliph , the spiritual head and temporal ruler of the Islamic state. In principle, Islam is theocratic: when Muhammad died, a caliph [Arab.,=successor] was chosen to rule in his place.
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). At first hostile to Islam, he was converted by 618, becoming an adviser to Muhammad. He succeeded Abu BakrAbu Bakr
, 573–634, 1st caliph, friend, father-in-law, and successor of Muhammad. He was probably Muhammad's first convert outside the Prophet's family and alone accompanied Muhammad on the Hegira.
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 as caliph without opposition in 634. In his reign Islam became an imperial power. The Muslim generals pushed conquests far and wide—into Syria, Egypt, and the Persian Empire. Umar also laid the administrative base of the empire, creating the office of kadi and establishing fixed taxes. He reopened the canals of Mesopotamia and the waterway from the Nile to the Red Sea. Umar was assassinated by a foreign slave. He had appointed a group to select his successor, and the choice fell on UthmanUthman
or Othman
, c.574–656, 3d caliph (644–56), also known as Uthman ibn al-Affan; son-in-law of Muhammad. He belonged to the great Umayyad family and was selected as caliph after the murder of Umar.
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.

Omar

, Umar
died 644 ad, the second caliph of Islam (634--44). During his reign Islamic armies conquered Syria and Mesopotamia: murdered
References in periodicals archive ?
BEIRUT: Investigators ruled Monday that the director of the Omar bin al-Khattab College in Al-Tariq al-Jadideh was murdered, a security source told The Daily Star.
2) in al-Shourga region near Omar bin al-Khattab mosque in northern Kirkuk, killing him on the spot," the source told Aswat al-Iraq news agency.
Extremist Jews have, apparently, attacked Omar Bin Al-Khattab Mosque in the village, close to Rsakhim settlement, inhabited by extremist Jewish groups, and wrote Hebrew slogans on the mosque's interface, like: "this mosque is to be destroyed.
Since the institute founder and director is Saudi, as he says, he must know that Caliph Omar Bin Al-Khattab expelled non-Muslims from the Arab Peninsula 1400 years ago and that Abdullah Bin Abdel Aziz has only been in power for three years.
Those who are heading to Omar Bin Al-Khattab Health Centre will have to reach Salwa Road and enter Al-Qafila Street leading to the health centre.
ARAB NEWS The Al-Farooq Omar Bin Al-Khattab Mosque & Center.
Summary: The director of the Omar bin al-Khattab College was found dead inside the school's premises, the National News Agency reported Sunday.
Another resident, who crossed into Lebanon Sunday, said heavy bombing in the past few days heavily damaged the Omar bin Al-Khattab mosque inside the town.
The spokesman said the accused forced shops to close and took control of the Omar Bin al-Khattab mosque in Zarqa "causing fear and frightening the faithful.
No one set the rules of civilized conduct better than that of the Caliph Omar Bin Al-Khattab.
Some historians say that the one who first lit lamps in the mosque was Caliph Omar bin Al-Khattab when people gathered there for Taraweeh prayer.
The radar was located opposite Omar Bin al-Khattab Mosque on the Al Shamal-Doha side of the road.