Orchis


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Orchis

 

a genus of plants of the family Orchidaceae. The plants are perennial herbs with straight, usually leafy, stems. The tubers are entire in some species and palmately dissected in others. (In the latter case, the plants are sometimes classified in the genus Dactylorhiza.) The flowers are irregular and in spicate inflorescences. The perianth consists of six bracts: the central bract is usually three-lobed with a spur at the base, and three others or the remaining five are formed into a galea. The fruit is a capsule.

There are about 100 species, distributed in Eurasia (primarily in the temperate belt), in North Africa, on the Canary Islands, on Madeira Island, and in North America. The USSR has about 40 species. O. militaris, which has oval entire tubers and spicate inflorescences of pink or light violet flowers, grows in the forest zone along the edge of forests, in forest meadows, and in floodplain meadows. O. maculata, which has palmately dissected tubers, grows in boggy forests and meadows in the European USSR. O. mascula is found in the European USSR and the Caucasus.

The tubers of some species are used as food and are a source of salep (dried tubers), which is used to prepare a mucilaginous decoction for coating the digestive tract in the case of inflammation. The preparation is taken orally or by means of an enema. Some species are cultivated as ornamentals.

V. N. GLADKOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
When I had Orchis, there was only one boat on Gas Street Basin and Gas Street was a little enclosed area surrounded by all the old wharves and canal buildings.
TOPALAF was prepared by blending the powdered herbs including Tribulus terrestris, root of Orchis mascula, Phoenix dactylifera pollen, Allium ampeloprasum seed, Lepidium sativus seed, Amygdalus communis and Ficus carica.
Moreover, even if in the recent years the molecular work on several genera (such as Orchis and Anacamptis) (Bateman, 2001; Cozzolino et al.
helleborine, and Orchis militaris) in the herbaceous vegetation was somewhat surprising as some of them (e.
And even better news - the ancient Greek word orchis (meaning testicles) has mercifully evolved into orchid, a family which embraces asparagus and daffodils, no less, but my points remain valid.
bushes of thorn and plum, wild peach trees, a sort of crab-pear, and apple, and dog roses" as well as "small forms" of iris, columbine, larkspur, orchis, anemones, cowslips, and polyanthus.
When thimbleberry, blueweed, great Indian plantain, great mullein, milkweed, black-eyed Susan, columbine, red bleeding heart, dock, daisy fleabane, bush clover, yellow and white sweet clover, cow parsnip, blue-eyed grass, and Hooker's orchis flower in the Appalachians, then strawberry season is at its best in the Pacific Northwest.
Defendant Gjergj Mungiovi-Cuka, 19, of Maes yr Orchis, Morganstown, Cardiff, denies being involved in the purchase of the 20-year-old prostitute, from Lithuania, for pounds 5,000.
macrophyllum, Isopyrum biternatum, Juncus tenuis, Lactuca floridana, Luzula multiflora, Orchis spectabilis, Osmorhiza longistylis, O.
The last Scottish trained winner was Cosha Orchis in 1974.
Studies examining these relationships include: Dafni and Ivri (1981) in which Orchis israelitica Baumann and Dafni mimics the Bellevalia flexuosa Boiss.
29sec posted by Andy Reid's Crown Rover in a solo, and the locally-trained dog could well be the best hope of Scotland ending a drought in its own Classic which stretches back to the 1974 victory of Cosha Orchis.