Orchomenus


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Orchomenus

(ôrkŏm`ĭnəs), ancient city of Boeotia, central Greece, NW of Lake Copaïs. After 1600 B.C. it was an important center of the Mycenaean civilizationMycenaean civilization
, an ancient Aegean civilization known from the excavations at Mycenae and other sites. They were first undertaken by Heinrich Schliemann and others after 1876, and they helped to revise the early history of Greece. Divided into Early Helladic (c.
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. In later times the city was eclipsed by Thebes. Near Orchomenus, Sulla won (85 B.C.) a significant victory over Archelaus, general of Mithradates VIMithradates VI
(Mithradates Eupator) , c.131 B.C.–63 B.C., king of Pontus, sometimes called Mithradates the Great. He extended his empire until, in addition to Pontus, he held Cappadocia, Paphlagonia, and the Black Sea coast beyond the Caucasus.
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. Excavations on the site have been extensive. There was another Orchomenus in Arcadia, NW of Mantinea.
References in classic literature ?
She was youngest daughter to Amphion son of Iasus and king of Minyan Orchomenus, and was Queen in Pylos.
Is he in Orchomenus, or at Pylos, or is he at Sparta with Menelaus--for I presume that he is still living.
Ascalaphus and Ialmenus, sons of Mars, led the people that dwelt in Aspledon and Orchomenus the realm of Minyas.
And those that held Arcadia, under the high mountain of Cyllene, near the tomb of Aepytus, where the people fight hand to hand; the men of Pheneus also, and Orchomenus rich in flocks; of Rhipae, Stratie, and bleak Enispe; of Tegea and fair Mantinea; of Stymphelus and Parrhasia; of these King Agapenor son of Ancaeus was commander, and they had sixty ships.
His body, cast into the sea, was brought to shore by dolphins and buried at Oenoe (or, according to Plutarch, at Ascra): at a later time his bones were removed to Orchomenus.
13)He seems to have been a Sicyonian patriot from the age of Aratus, and was possibly commissioned to write a dedicatory inscription by the Boeotian Orchomenus.
Alcithoe In Greek legend, the daughter of Minyas of Orchomenus, in Boeotia.
Principal battles: Aquae Sextiae (Aix-en-Provence) (102); Chaeronea (86); Orchomenus (85); the Colline Gate (now within the city limits of Rome) (83).
Jason returned the Fleece to the temple of Laphystian Zeus in Orchomenus.
Athamas In Greek mythology, king of the prehistoric Minyans in the ancient Boeotian city of Orchomenus.
1312b7) was Ephorus, and it is instructive to note how few Peloponnesian states are mentioned in the Politics; there is no mention, for example, of Tegea, Orchomenus, Epidaurus, Achaea (save for sharing in the colonisation of Sybaris).