Wingate, Orde Charles

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Wingate, Orde Charles

(ôrd), 1903–44, British general. He served with the Sudan defense force (1928–33) and on special duty in Palestine (1936–39). It was in Palestine that he first used guerrilla tactics, against Arabs attempting to cut the Haifa pipeline. An ardent Zionist, Wingate trained large squads of Jewish youths in military tactics and worked closely with Jewish leaders. The possibility of his acting against British interests to secure Jewish independence caused his removal from Palestine. In World War II, although only a major, he commanded (1941) the British and African troops who ousted the numerically superior Italians from Ethiopia and restored Emperor Haile SelassieHaile Selassie
, [Amharic,=power of the Trinity], 1892–1975, emperor of Ethiopia (1930–74). He was born Tafari Makonnen, the son of a noted general and the grandnephew of Emperor Menelik II.
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 to his throne. Sent to India and raised to the rank of brigadier in 1942, Wingate trained and led a force of raiders into Japanese-held Burma (now Myanmar) for a period of seven months (1943). His guerrillas became known as the "Chindits" or "Wingate's raiders." He was made a major general and placed in command of a larger army, which was flown into Burma, but he was killed in an airplane accident two weeks after this operation began. A colorful personality and an unorthodox campaigner, Wingate demonstrated the effectiveness and practicality of jungle guerrilla warfare by Western troops.


See C. Rolo, Wingate's Raiders (1944); W. G. Burchett, Wingate's Phantom Army (1946); L. O. Mosley, Gideon Goes to War (1955); C. Sykes, Orde Wingate (1959); J. Bierman and C. Smith, Fire in the Night: Wingate of Burma, Ethiopia, and Zion (1999).

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The training was conducted in the inhospitable jungle and hilly terrain between Narmada and Betwa river basins, under the legendary General Orde Wingate and comprised mainly of Gorkha troops of the Indian Army.
What do Gen Wladyslaw Sikorski, the Duke of Kent, Orde Wingate and George "Buzz" Beurling have in common?
The new outlet, on Orde Wingate Way, will be open seven days a week.
One point: the soldier standing beside General Orde Wingate in the photo on page 31 is not holding a "portable radar device.
What name was given to the guerrilla force led by Brigadier General Orde Wingate in Burma?
During the Second World War, Lawrence's cousin, Orde Wingate, also became famous as the leader of the Chindits.
Kathleen Lunt said: "In previous Sunday Memories columns you have mentioned General Orde Wingate of the Chindits and their WW2 Burma campaign behind Japanese lines.
A Paphos resident has just returned to Cyprus after being invited to Clarence House in London to have tea with Prince Charles, as recognition of his services with the Chindits, the famous special forces unit which fought under Major General Orde Wingate in Burma during World War II.
In the early months of 1943 the 77th Indian Infantry Brigade, the "Chindits", under Brigadier Orde Wingate, began Operation Longcloth, driving far behind Japanese lines into the heart of Burma.
The original Chindits were led by Major-General Orde Wingate after he formed them in 1942.
General "Hap" Arnold and Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten lead the list, with brilliant, if eccentric, British Brigadier Orde Wingate close behind.
Beginning with its inception at the Quebec Conference of 1943 and continuing through Operation Thursday until the death of the brilliant British General Orde Wingate in March 1944, less than a month after the successful invasion of Burma, Project 9 details all aspects of this covert mission, including the selection of the American airmen, the procurement of the aircraft, the joint training with British troops, and the dangerous night-time assault behind Japanese lines by glider.