Oregon Treaty


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Oregon Treaty

 

(1846) (also Treaty of Washington), an agreement concluded between the USA and Great Britain on June 15, 1846. It resolved the dispute over possession of the territory extending from the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean between 42° and 54°40′ N lat.

Formally, by the terms of the 1818 agreement between the two countries, this territory had been jointly occupied. However, the Oregon Treaty provided for recognition of the territory north of the 49th parallel as a British possession; the land south of the 49th parallel went to the USA. Congress quickly ratified the treaty in view of the fact that the USA, involved in the Mexican War (1846–48), was in no position to go to war over Oregon.

REFERENCE

Bemis, S. F. A Diplomatic History of the United States, 4th ed; New York, 1955.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Oregon Treaty signed between Great Britain and the United States on this day in 1846, settled a long-standing dispute over who controlled the Oregon territory.
It started in 1846, when the authors of the Oregon Treaty drew a long, invisible line westward from the Rocky Mountains along the northernmost border of Oregon to establish the border between U.
There had earlier been American encroachment and the British wanted to reinforce the demarcation of the 49th parallel in the Oregon Treaty of 1846 as the border between American and British territory.
In 1846 the Oregon Treaty set the 49th parallel as the northern boundary of Oregon Territory, an agreement between the United States and Great Britain.
Then, in June of 1846, the Oregon Treaty was signed, bringing temporary peace to the region.

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