failure

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failure

[′fāl·yər]
(engineering)
A permanent change in the volume of a powder or the stresses within it.
(mechanics)
Condition caused by collapse, break, or bending, so that a structure or structural element can no longer fulfill its purpose.

Failure

A condition when a structure or material ceases to fulfill its required purpose. The failure of a structural member may be caused by elastic deformation, fracture, or excessive deflection. The nonstructural failure of a material may be due to weathering, abrasion, or chemical action.

Failure

 

Failure is a consequence of a change in the parameters of a device or of its parts, resulting from internal physicochemical processes and the effect of the environment.

A distinction is made between sudden failure and gradual failure. Sudden failure is characterized by an abrupt change in the values of one or more fundamental parameters of a device (for example, the burnout of the incandescent filament in an electric lamp); in gradual failure, there is a slow change in the values of one or more fundamental parameters of a device (for example, the decrease of engine power to a level below the rated power). The criteria for failure are established in the technical specifications for a particular item.

As a result of failure, a device may stop operating completely, or its operating efficiency may fall below the permissible level. Failure of an element in a device that is not caused by damage to other elements is called independent failure; failure resulting from damage or the complete failure of other elements is called dependent failure.

V. N. FOMIN

What does it mean when you dream about a failure?

Dreaming about failing, in school or in some task, may simply be an expression of anxiety (i.e., it is not a sign predicting that someone will fail). People who regularly dream of failing are often perfectionists.

failure

In structural engineering, that condition of a structural element (or its material components) which renders it incapable of continuing the load-carrying function for which it was designed; may be caused by fracture or by excessive and permanent plastic deformation.

Failure

Army Bomb Plot
attempted assassination of Hitler; his miraculous escape brought dreadful retaliation (1944). [Ger. Hist.: Van Doren, 500]
Brown, Charlie
comic strip character for whom losing is a way of life. [Comics: “Peanuts” in Horn, 542–543]
Bunion Derby
financially disastrous cross-country marathon. [Am. Hist.: Sann, 48–56]
Carker, John
broken-spirited man occupying subordinate position. [Br. Lit.: Dombey and Son]
Edsel
much bruited automobile fails on market (1950s). [Am. Hist.: Flexner, 78]
English, Julian
contentious and unloved salesman; commits suicide in despair. [Am. Lit.: Appointment in Samarra]
Gunpowder Plot
attempt to blow up the Parliament building; led to the execution of its leader, Guy Fawkes (1605). [Brit. Hist.: EB, IV: 70–71]
Little Tramp Chaplin’s
much-loved, much-imitated hapless, “I’m a failure” persona. [Am. Cinema: Griffith, 79]
Loman, Willy
traveling salesman who gradually comes to realize that his life has been a complete failure; commits suicide. [Am. Lit.: The Death of a Salesman, Payton, 397]
Mighty Casey
ignominiously strikes out in the clutch. [Am. Lit.: “Casey at the Bat” in Turkin, 642]
Reardon, Edwin
very promising writer who, after unsuccessful publication, returns to clerical job. [Br. Lit.: New Grub Street, Magill I, 647–649]
Skid Row
district of down-and-outs and bums. [Am. Usage: Brewer Dictionary, 1008]
WIN buttons
President Ford’s scheme to reduce inflation: for the American public to wear shields stating “WIN.” (Whip Inflation Now). [Am. Hist.: Misc.]
World League
“ingenious” creation of a third professional league that never materialized. [Am. Sports: Misc.]
Yank
steamship stoker vainly tries to climb the social ladder, then fails in attempt to avenge himself on society. [Am. Drama: O’Neill The Hairy Ape in Sobel, 339]

failure

The inability of a system or system component to perform a required function within specified limits. A failure may be produced when a fault is encountered.
References in periodicals archive ?
Furthermore, this classification has been the subject of criticism: (1) The 1992 Atlanta classification does not provide a cutoff level for pancreatic enzymes for the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis (5): (2) It divides the severity of acute pancreatitis into mild and severe according to the organ failure criteria proposed: (3) It determines that a patient has pancreatitis according to a certain Ranson and APACHE II score, which also predicts severity: however, this concept of severity differs from the current one, which is related to organ failure.
The 20-year project paves the way for a new therapies that will protect organs from this type of damage and diagnostics capable of predicting patients susceptible to organ failure.
For more information on the 2010 CORR report, Treatment of End-Stage Organ Failure in Canada, 1999 to 2008, visit CIHI's website at http://secure.
There were significant differences between these 2 groups in respect of parity, gestation, platelet count, bilirubin, GCS and organ failure scores (p < 0.
Since there is no cure for sickle cell anemia and life expectancy can be compromised by stroke or organ failure, those afflicted must focus on proper health-maintenance strategies, such as recognizing the early signs of life-threatening complications and seeking prompt treatment.
At moderate concentrations of bacteria, the model replicated the two trajectories of SIRS/MOF of most interest to medical researchers: organ failure and immune paralysis due to excessive inflammation.
A post mortem revealed he died from multiple organ failure due to septicaemia.
The cot-side monitoring alarm - devised by researchers at Edinburgh University - tracks signs of distress or organ failure.
Acute multiple organ failure associated with sickle cell anemia or sickle thalassemia is both a rare and potentially catastrophic complication.
Suzanne Cooke, 21, from Norris Green, died from organ failure four days later, an inquest heard.
Although transplantation generally is performed in patients with single organ failure, combined heart-lung-liver transplantation is a viable option for a few patients with dual organ failure, according to a report in the September 8 issue of the Lancet.
All proceeds will be dedicated to Tuberous Sclerosis, a disorder that affects one in 6,000 children, causing seizures, tumors, organ failure, autism, mental disability and worse.