Organoid

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Organoid

 

one of the permanent components of animal and plant cells. Each organoid performs specific functions that are vital for cell survival. Thus, any cell activity is a consequence of the coordinated operation of interconnected components, particularly organoids. Organoids include mitochondria, the Golgi apparatus, the centrosomes, the endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes, and cytoplasmic microtubules. Organoids in plant cells include plastids and spherosomes. The classification of lysosomes as organoids is controversial. The term “organoid” derives from the similarity of these cell components to the organs of a multicellular organism. Organoids are contrasted to temporary cell inclusions, which appear and disappear in the metabolic process.

References in periodicals archive ?
Qian and colleagues32 developed a forebrain-specific organoid system derived from human-induced pluripotent stem cells to model ZIKV exposure.
It can begin to integrate these with other organoid systems in a way that captures the complex systems-level physiology of the human body.
Tissue heterogeneity is a major challenge in organoid systems, and here our work provides new insight, which will help to develop specific organoid-based models, specifically to reliably study retinal disease mechanism," said Karl.