Oruro


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Oruro

(ōro͞o`rō), city (1992 pop. 183,422), capital of Oruro dept., W Bolivia. It is Bolivia's railroad center. Oruro's economy is based on exploitation of the region's tin, tungsten, and copper. Because of the altitude (12,146 ft/3,702 m), agriculture is almost nonexistent. Oruro was founded in 1595 to exploit the rich silver deposits nearby. When silver production declined in the 19th cent., it became almost a ghost town. It expanded with the development of other mineral resources.

Oruro

 

a city in southwestern Bolivia. Located in the Andes at an elevation of 3,700 m. Capital of Oruro department. Population, 119,700 (1970).

Oruro is a railroad and highway junction and is linked by rail with the Chilean ports of Antofagasta and Arica. A major center for the mining industry and nonferrous metallurgy, it has small food-processing and light-industry enterprises, as well as railroad repair shops. Tin, tungsten, and copper are mined in the area, and there is a plant producing refined tin in the nearby city of Vinto. Oruro also has a university.

Oruro

a city in W Bolivia: a former silver-mining centre; university (1892); tin, copper, and tungsten. Pop.: 206 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Morales said he had "been forced to take this step" to ensure that electric service rates remain "equitable" in the regions of La Paz and Oruro.
De Binche a Barranquilla ou a Oruro, il est hisse au plus haut rang.
The refurbished international airports are being built in Cobija (Pando), Chimore (Cochabamba), Oruro, Alcantari (Chuquisaca) and Uyuni (Potosi) - at a cost of US$144 million.
In August 2010, Morales announced plans for an international state-of-the-tech airport in Oruro that will increase toxic contamination, while providing access to international corporations partnering in mining deals.
In early March, Spencer and Pack were now in Oruro, Bolivia, doing volunteer work for Sustainable Bolivia.
After much bickering, endless negotiations, recurring deliberate absences of certain minority fractions, violent street protests, and the transfer of the assembly to the city of Oruro, the new constitution was finally approved in a popular referendum in January 2009.
Bolivia's Carnival of Oruro is second only to that of Rio de Janeiro among the world's riotous celebrations in the days preceding Lent.
Mr Morales was due to address a parade to commemorate a colonial-era uprising in the mining city of Oruro, but he and his team left the city to avoid a violent demonstration by miners throwing dynamite.
The "devil dances" at the annual Oruro carnival are among the great South American folkloric events, as is the lesser known carnival at Tarabuco.
The GCC will be the largest pipeline project built to date in Bolivia and will generate 3,000 jobs and guarantee a supply of natural gas to La Paz, El Alto, Oruro, Cochabamba and Santa Cruz for industrial, domestic and vehicular use.
Over the past three weeks, civic groups and other factions in the regions of Potosi, Oruro, and Uyuni have staged protests against the Bolivian government over a border dispute and accusations that the government has failed to follow through on development projects in their regions.
citizens in Bolivia to avoid making travel arrangements to Potosi, Oruro, or Uyuni until the situation is resolved.