Oskar Schindler

(redirected from Oscar Schindler)
Oskar Schindler
Birthday
BirthplaceZwittau, Moravia, Austria-Hungary
Died
Occupation
Industrialist

Schindler, Oskar,

1908–74, German industrialist who saved more than a thousand Jews during the HolocaustHolocaust
, name given to the period of persecution and extermination of European Jews by Nazi Germany. Romani (Gypsies), homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, the disabled, and others were also victims of the Holocaust.
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. A Catholic and a member of the National Socialist (Nazi) party, Schindler relocated (1939) to Kraków, in German-occupied Poland, and established an armament factory whose workers included Jewish laborers from Nazi camps. Resolving to save as many Jews as possible from the "final solution," he engratiated himself with Nazi officials and employed as many Jews as he could get, listing them as skilled industrial workers when they were not (some were children) and housing them in his own facility. In 1943, after the Kraków ghetto was destroyed, Schindler created a safe sub-camp at his factory.

In 1944, as more Jews were consigned to death camps, Schindler drew up a list of some 1,100, as many as he could afford to obtain, and had them sent to his labor camp in Czechoslovakia, supposedly to produce essential munitions. After Russians liberated the camp (1945), its inmates scattered throughout the world, many immigrating to Israel. Schindler, impoverished by his efforts, received aid from a Jewish welfare group, immigrated to Argentina, and later returned to West Germany. Honored by Israel, he was buried in Jerusalem. His story formed the basis for Thomas KeneallyKeneally, Thomas
, 1935–, Australian novelist, b. Sydney. For a time a student of religion, and later of law, Keneally has ranged over a wide spectrum of subjects in his many novels, including the American Civil War, Nazi Germany, POW camps, and rugby.
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's Schindler's Ark (1982, American title Schindler's List) and the subsequent Steven SpielbergSpielberg, Steven,
1946–, American film director, b. Cincinnati, Ohio. Spielberg began his career as a television director, admired for his understanding portrayal of human character.
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 film (1993).

Bibliography

See T. Keneally, Searching for Schindler (2008); biography by D. M. Crowe (2004); T. Fensch, ed., Oskar Schindler and His List (1995); P. Mietek, The Road to Rescue (2008).

References in periodicals archive ?
Quite how Neeson went from Oscar Schindler and Aslan to being the mentor of both Darth Vader and Batman and becoming one of the world's hottest action commodities after he's qualified for his bus pass in the UK I'll never know, but he's the world's coolest guy and I can't get enough.
The Irish St Leger was opened to older horses in 1983 and, since then, only Vintage Crop (1993-'94), Oscar Schindler (96-'97), Kayf Tara (98'99) and Vinnie Roe, which won four-in-a-row from 2001 to 2004, have triumphed in the race more than once.
Brian Little, a great footballer, and Frank Foley, Stourbridge's very own Oscar Schindler.
Rosemary Schindler, San Francisco Board of the Anti-Defamation League and member of the Oscar Schindler family (of Schindler's List); Dr.
Dennis went to his rescue and having just watched Schindler's List, Dennis decided to name him Oscar Schindler Gill.
Vince stayed at the four star Hotel Qubus, part of the Hotelopia group, which is a seven minute walk from the factory made famous by Oscar Schindler (of Schindler's List).
1982 - Which author claims the Booker Prize with Schindler's Ark, a novel profiling the true story of unlikely hero Oscar Schindler, a German Nazi party member who saved over 1,000 Jews from WWII concentration camps?
I have become the Borders' very own Oscar Schindler, the conduit through which friends who have glimpsed a better life than the polluted, noisy, crowded outside world affords can escape to Paradise on Tweed and contentment.
The popular stayer ran at the Irish venue twice during his amazing 63-race career and although Persian Punch never got his head in front in the Irish St Leger, he only just lost out to Oscar Schindler in 1997.
And it was Nicholas Winton, a young stockbroker, who became the British Oscar Schindler.
Oscar Schindler singled himself out as a smart middledistance performer by taking the Ormonde Stakes at Chester.
These include exhibits about such people as Oscar Schindler, Raoul Wallenberg, Dietrich Bonhoeffer, and Anne Frank.