Martin Scorsese

(redirected from Oscar winner, Martin Scorsese)
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Martin Scorsese
Martin Charles Scorsese
Birthday
BirthplaceQueens, New York, US
NationalityAmerican
Occupation
Film director, producer, actor, screenwriter
EducationCardinal Hayes High School

Scorsese, Martin

(skôrsā`zē, –sĕz`ē), 1942–, American film director; b. Queens, N.Y. A major figure in contemporary cinema, he grew up in Manhattan's Little Italy, attended film school at New York Univ., made his first feature-length film in 1968, and scored his first success with Mean Streets (1973). Often dealing with violent and obsessive aspects of modern America and focusing on Italian-American characters, Scorsese's films frequently feature a struggling hero and themes of sin and redemption. His major movies include Taxi Driver (1976), a harrowing urban morality tale; Raging Bull (1979), a look into the savage world of boxing; Goodfellas (1990), an exploration of the brutalities of Mob life; and Gangs of New York (2002), a violent epic of life in Manhattan's 19th-century slums.

Among Scorsese's other films are Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore (1974), New York, New York (1977), The King of Comedy (1983), The Last Temptation of Christ (1988), The Age of Innocence (1993), Casino (1995), Kundun (1998), The Aviator (2004), The Departed (2006, Academy Award), Shutter Island (2010), Hugo (2011), an enchanting children's movie and his first 3-D film, and The Wolf of Wall Street (2013), a story of greed, depravity, and stock fraud. His A Personal Journey with Martin Scorsese through American Movies (1995) and Il Mio Viaggio in Italia [my journey in Italy] (2001), reflections on great filmmaking in the United States and Italy, provide revealing glimpses into the influences that have shaped his art, and his documentaries on music and musicians encompass such topics as The Band in its farewell concert (The Last Waltz, 1978), the Delta blues (Feel like Going Home, 2003), and Bob DylanDylan, Bob
, 1941–, American singer and composer, b. Duluth, Minn., as Robert Zimmerman. Dylan learned guitar at the age of 10 and autoharp and harmonica at 15. After a rebellious youth, he moved to New York City in 1960 and in the early years of the decade began playing
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 (No Direction Home, 2005).

Bibliography

See D. Thompson and I. Christie, ed., Scorsese on Scorsese (rev. ed. 2004); P. Brunette, ed., Martin Scorsese: Interviews (rev. ed. 2006); biography by V. LoBrutto (2007); studies by M. Weiss (1987), D. Ehrenstein (1992), L. Keyser (1992), M. K. Connelly (1993), M. Bliss (1985 and 1995), L. Stern (1995), L. S. Friedman (1997), A. Dougan (1998), L. Grist (2000), G. Seesslen (2003), M. T. Miliora (2004), M. Nicholls (2004), B. Nyce (2004), P. A. Woods, ed. (2005), R. Casillo (2006), R. Ebert (2008), T. R. Lindlof (2008), and E. Cashmore (2009).

Scorsese, Martin

(1942–  ) film director; born in Flushing, N.Y. Small and sickly as a child, he grew up in New York City's Little Italy and entered a Catholic seminary in his early teens; he left after a year to go on to New York University's film school (where he stayed as an instructor until 1970). As a student he made several prize-winning short films; his feature directorial debut was Who's That Knocking at My Door? (1968). He made some television documentaries and another feature film but gained his first broad public with Mean Streets (1973). From then, many of his films drew upon his Italian-American heritage and often deal with masculine aggression, as in Taxi Driver (1976), Raging Bull (1979), and Cape Fear (1991). Something of a loner and not really a part of the Hollywood crowd, he showed an ability to balance his critically acclaimed films, which seem to question traditional American values, with more commercially viable movies.